Neel Patel Chapter 2 Summary This chapter is an essay written by Robert J. Sampson, which talks about the two strategies to explain crime and violence in the inner city. He talks about crime and violence in the inner city by explaining research on a macro social and micro social level. Macro social research Sampson says is the study of the community itself and how it affects the rate of crime and violence. In section II Sampson talks about the three structural factors of a community that affect the rate of crime: low economic status, ethnic heterogeneity, and residential mobility. It also talks about how the different community organization factors that affect children within the community.
The “code” is lists of unwritten rules dominate people’s public behavior. He also used true stories to explain how street culture influences the life of people, especially youths’ life inner city. He also gave a description about two different types of the behavior of the families who live in the community where the crime and violence exist all the time. The book “Code of the Street” talks about many issues in inner city that happen not only in the past but also now, such as economic issue, drug issue, teen pregnancy, etc. In order to getting an ethnographic sigh of people’s daily life that how people were affected by street culture, Anderson used direct observation and conducted in-depth interview to gather his data.
April 23, 2015 Journal Entry #5: The Code of the Streets Elijah Anderson analyzes how the code of the streets impacts inner city youth. He links Poverty and racism of inner-city regions to adherence to a cultural orientation based on Demonstrations of respect. This includes gaining the respect which then becomes a central Feature of personal interactions; if it’s violated then it leads to violence. Interpersonal violence And aggression is the most serious problem within the poor inner city black community. Some Crimes include Muggings, burglaries, carjackings, and drug related shootings.
This theory focuses on the lack of social control, gang activity, disadvantaged neighborhoods and the many conflicting social values as factors that cause people to commit crime. When people are living in a gang infested neighborhood with gang violence, it is tough for them to imagine getting out of that neighborhood. When people become accustomed to a situation, it becomes normal for them to think it is o to live where they are. There is little to no structure or organization in some of these deteriorated neighborhoods and some look forward to this activity in their lives. Conflicting social values contribute to the gangs and gang violence we see in society.
Summary of “Social Demarcation and the Forms of Psychological Fracture in Book One of Richard Wright’s Native Son” Matthew Elder says that in Wright’s insight in Native Son defines the psychological and sociological problems that damage African-Americans in a world that “whites work to maintain and blacks are forced to accept” (31). Book one, “Fear”, in the novel Native Son by Richard Wright takes the reader through the rough life of Bigger, an African-American trying to make it in a white world. The actions and mental state of Bigger in the first book play a large part in determining his fate. Bigger’s psychological state is influenced by the social fractionalization displayed within the novel. Bigger’s actions and thoughts were driven by a fear that was established by psychological and sociological damage.
Rothstein offers a very comprehensive review of a myriad of factors influenced by socioeconomic class and their potential effects on the achievement of students. He addresses genetics (Rothstein, 17), childrearing techniques (19), nutrition (44), alcohol and tobacco use (42), and a variety of health-related physical aspects (37-42). In the article More than just race: being black and poor in the inner city by William J. Wilson, the author analyzes the fragmentation of African-American families and the underlying causes of this breakdown. Wilson begins with discussing the 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. He illustrates the rise of the “black perspective” and its effects on the serious social scientific study of urban poverty (Wilson, 99).
Within these most economically drugged, crime-related, and depressing neighborhoods, the rules of civil action have been severely weakened, and their stead of survival known as this “code of the street” often holds many their key to survival. The author presented only two groups of people which categorized their existence within the social contest among individuals and families of the neighborhood, the “decent” and the “street.” I thought that they were kind of broad terms and that maybe they shouldn’t necessarily be “categorized” but they should be more of a description of people.
Some people run to the suburbs while others choose urban living because one is trying to escape from the other. Peer pressure, fighting, bullying, and gangs can cause some of today’s young adults to make poor choices as I myself once did. Peer pressure is one of the hardest things that a child has to face. Based on my experience, while growing up as a child, just going to school was one of the toughest decisions that I had to make. My school was in a rough neighborhood, and I was raised with very high standards and respect for others.
These systematic disparate treatments contribute to a dysfunctional community and lead to the socioeconomic destruction of the African American family infrastructure.” (Coulson-Clark, et. all, 2010) Because racial profiling, discrimination, and the disparities within the criminal justice system seem to always be a topic of concern, the best way to understand what is happening is to research the problem to gain a better perspective and point of view. The need to find the reason behind the higher numbers of
In our society it is assumed we are all treated equally, but in fact many times this is not true. Minority individuals have a disadvantage in the criminal justice system because of the lack of money, and effective resources. This is very damaging to society and may be a root cause for so many disparity issues today. Factors of Racial Disparity Society cannot be run for the privileged and allow a substantial proportion of the population to be an allowance beyond what is needed. This impacts the quality of life for all of us if we have to “throw away people.”A justice system that tolerates injustice is doomed to collapse (The Sentencing Project, 2000).