Child poverty is still one of the biggest barriers to children and young people attaining a decent standard of living. It’s predicted and acknowledged by various organisations that the number of children living in poverty will increase further over the foreseeable future due to the current economic climate and the continuing cuts to welfare and services. The causes of child poverty are all intricately woven into each other. Firstly and unsurprisingly one of the major factors that causes this is those families without work. In 2009/2010, 42% of families below the perceived poverty line were out of work.
Historically Institutional racism plays a major role in hindering the progress of Indigenous people. Institutional racism is addressed in the paper as a key factor in the social disadvantage and consecutive high unemployment rate amongst Indigenous Australians. Australia is privy to a history of wrongdoing against its Indigenous community. Andrew Armitage writes of the British invasion in 1788; ‘the land needed for the colony was obtained by an act of dispossession, assisted in British law by the convenient assumption that Australia was terra nullius (vacant, unoccupied land)’. The invasion was the cause of the ‘land wars’ that ensued and resulted in the massacre and decimation of the Aboriginal people (Armitage, 1995, p. 17).
Introduction A little over a decade on from the monumental Bringing Them Home (HREOC, 1997) report recommending an apology, the Australian Labor Government, headed by Kevin Rudd, apologised to the Stolen Generations on behalf of all Australians. The 13th of February 2008 was a day of reflection for the nation as Rudd lamented past government policies legitimising the removal of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families during the early to mid twentieth-century (Rudd, 2008). Rudd’s pledge to move “forward with confidence to the future,” and to instigate the “healing of the nation,” (Rudd, 2008, pp.167) was well received by many Australians as a first step towards reconciliation and tackling important issues pertinent
Australia is the nation built on the principles of freedom and equality for everybody, but this is not true for Aboriginal people – the first owners of this land. From 1909 to 1969, the Australian government implemented the policy that forced Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children to leave their parents’ arms in order to assimilate these children and declared that they were adequately protected and given a better life (Reconciliaction, 2007). The statistics of the Bringing Them Home report suggests that there were about one-tenth and one-third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children taken away from their families (Bringing Them Home, 1997, p. 31). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children separated from their families were called the “stolen generations” (Australia Human Rights Commission, 2012). These children had to live in poor conditions, poor quality and received a strange
In the past two years the service has been defunct in its payment to the tune of $11 billion dollars. No other organization, private or government owned has this requirement. The real underlying problem here is not the Postal Service’s inability to reduce expense but Congressional inaction to address Pre-retiree health care coverage which is causing the Postal service to post loss of revenue for the past couple of years. This inaction has hindered the Postal Service’s plans to reform, and become profitable. By understanding the problem one can see that it is not the Postal Service fault for losing revenue.
JWB Douglas did a longitudinal study of 5’362 children in 1964 which continued until they were 16. It was a large study so it was a good generalization but there were some faults within his study. The analysis was measured by IQ tests which aren’t perceived as accurate or reliable and people drop out due to death, illness and other matters. Nevertheless the study showed that working class children are less likely to stay at school and go onto higher
In 1837, this practice was made official with the appointment by the British Select Committee of “Protectors of Aboriginies” in Australia. In 1869 Indigenous child removal legislation was put in place in all states and territories, giving the “Protectors” the power to remove children, and in 1937 assimilation was adopted as the official national Indigenous affairs policy. It was not until 1969 that Indigenous child removal legislation was removed. Even if past governments had good, albeit ethnocentric intentions, the effects of these policies have been devastating, and this dark and disturbing history of racism and assimilation still haunts many Aboriginal communities
Matthew J. Sapp Dr. Anene CPO2001 8 January 2011 Somalia Somalia is a small country in Africa located in the Horn of Africa. Somalia has been plagued with war and no government structure for over 20 years and because so, national growth is very slow. Somalia people have a much lower than world average lifespan, men living approx 50 years and women living approx 53 years. This short lifespan can be attributed to former President of Somalia Siad Barre. President Barre ended privatized healthcare in 1972 and devoted much of the national budget to military funding, leaving very little in the budget for healthcare and other programs.
Some family-based immigrants may be highly educated or skilled, but the vast majority of admissions are made without regard for those criteria. The immigrant population reflects the system's lack of emphasis on skill. Nearly 31 percent of foreign-born residents over the age of 25 are without a high school diploma, compared to just 10 percent of native-born citizens. Immigrants trail natives in rates of college attendance, associate's degrees, and bachelor's degrees, but earn advanced degrees at a slightly higher rate (10.9 percent, compared to 10.4 percent for natives). Illegal immigrants are the least-educated group, with nearly 75 percent having at most a high school education.
Over the last several years, an increasing numbers of undocumented children have made critical transitions into adulthood. The uncertainty of how to pay for education is one of the biggest concerns for undocumented students nowadays. Due to the congressional inactivity on immigration, many have been forced to put their lives on hold. In 2012 the Obama Administration implemented the DACA law this gives students hope DACA defers deportations from the U.S. for eligible undocumented young adults, and grants them access to renewable two-year work permits and Social Security Numbers. As of March 2014, 673,417 young people have applied to the program and 553,197 have been approved.