Methods of micro sociology include symbolic interactionism, phenomenology and ethnomethodology. However there is opposing argument as macro sociologists think the opposite as although they concentrate on individuals as well they also look at families and other larger groups in society in which an individual is part of. Weber a social action theorist believes people hold meanings about the world and consciously act on the basis of meaning. He saw behaviour in terms of the meanings people action to actions and classified them into four types. Instrumentally rational action is when a goal is not desirable but an induvidual still works out the best way to reach it.
Common sense is such a simple concept but when it comes to a defining it, it’s difficult to explain. The Cambridge Dictionary defines it as ‘the basic level of practical knowledge and judgement that we all need to help us live in a reasonable and safe way’. This meaning it’s a presumption we all have and principle we all share and what we just know as the norm. Social change can be very slow with this theory because it is hard to change what people have known and been preconditioned to believe and to know as
The Symbolic Interactionist’s worldview shows how the way we communicate does not have to be just through words. Symbols are a way that people can interact with one another. Symbolic Interactionism shows the interactions between people and other individuals that influence the world around them and their families. The criticisms of symbolic interactionism say that people focus too much on his or her own beliefs about certain topics that do not have anything to do with what is really going on. Yes I think this theory does a good job because once you realize how individuals are, by their social natures, very symbolic with one another, and then you begin to understand how to persuade your friends and family, how to understand others' points of view, and how to resolve misunderstandings.
Difference is strongly undesirable more so within a group. Group members want to be loyal to their group and therefore will not do anything that may disconnect them from their group. Obviously, going against the grain of one’s group may eventually result in being outcaste. Physical forcing of somebody to do something is usually thought to be the most effective technique to conform someone but it is actually the least effective when considering long-term effects. It is true that temporary compliance can be produced very quickly when striving to change one’s attitude and/or behavior.
Why go through the time and effort to exert this energy without purpose? The answer, though in appearance may look deceivingly simple, can be easily joined with philosophical ideals as well as depend on the desired outcomes of the exercise, whether economy, self, or social. Spencer’s (2006) The Purpose of Adult Education: A Short Introduction is a dedicated, condensed yet concise book into core purposes of AE. In the book he looks at and associates the main five philosophies along with the theories of learning previously noted to loosely articulate the who, what, where, when and why AE was, is and/or may be undertaken. Withstanding what seemed to my eyes as a socialist tendency, of the several purposes he articulates and examines, Education for Transformation (p 53) is an underlying principle that struck a chord with me.
Introduced by Chuck Berger, the Uncertainty Reduction Theory was a way in which to explain the interactions, or the absence of which, between strangers. "Berger's uncertainty reduction theory focuses on how human communication is used to gain knowledge and create understanding," (Griffin, 125). It details how, upon first meeting, strangers go through several steps in order to reduce the uncertainty they have for each other during their initial conversation. With this theory, people are able to gain the amount of knowledge they feel they need in order to asses whether or not they take a liking to that person. Berger describes how people will go through a serious of "axioms to explain the connection between his central concept of uncertainty and eight key variables of relationship development," (Griffin, 126).
While some may argue that visibility is the best indicator of power in society, it is obviously true that individual identity is a better indicator of power in society. Without self awareness and self identity, one’s visibility is meaningless. The example of Invisible Man clearly illustrates that the best indicator of power in society is one’s identity. People say that there is no meaning in existence without an identity. Identity is the fact of being who a person is.
He said a community is “people wanting to be around people who is roughly like themselves.” I agree with this statement. This is simply our human nature. It lets someone to perceive something about us without even having a conversation with us. In my essay I will present what has shaped my personal identity like my life experiences, family, culture and my social circles. I would
This open-ended format would permit job incumbents to use their own words and ideas to describe the job. Some debatable issues are the format and degree of structure that a questionnaire should have. Job analysts have their own personal preferences on this matter. There really is no best format for a questionnaire. However, there are a few hints that will make the questionnaire easier to use: keep it as short as possible, keep it simple, and test the questionnaire before using it.
While admitting there is a wide spectrum of benefits that American Society can gain from technology, he argues it causes a more diverse range of goods and services at a lower cost. Ritzer proclaims ''that it is my responsibility as a social scientist to emphasize the problems associated with McDonald's'' (p.184). This book proceeds to accomplish this task . Ritter's book is organized into four parts. In part one, he discusses ''Theoretical issues,'' and exams ground-breaking social theorist's Mark Weber and Karl Mannheim and shows how their extraordinary works contributed to the concept of McDonaldization.