Clique Theory Essay

3198 Words13 Pages
A ‘clique’ is most formally and appropriately known as a type of phenomenon, which in itself means that it is something that we only know as it appears to be. The free online dictionary comprehensively defines a clique as a small exclusive group of friends or associates or a group of people who are friendly with each other but exclude others (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/clique). According to the Nation Master Encyclopaedia, a clique is an exclusive group of people who share common interests, views, purposes, or patterns of behaviour. A clique ‘is a subset of individuals from a larger group, who are more closely identified with one another than the remaining members of the group, and who exchange something among themselves’ (http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Clique). The study would not be focusing on the side effects of the clique phenomenon but rather, having accepting and appreciating its enthralling inevitability, it is going to be studied as an existing function of the society because according to some sociologists, one reason for the formation of a clique relates to the desire of individuals to compare themselves with other individuals who are of the same social status (http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Clique). From an active forum- Yahoo! Answers, I agree with a statement from the best chosen answer to a question asked ‘why do we form small social groups (small cliques), which states that it is a case of our need to balance identity and security. As individuals, we have the best identity but the least security. As a part of a large group, we have the best security, but no identity. It is in these small cliques that we find the desirable balance between maintaining our identity and ensuring security (Small, 2008). The study will address the types of cliques formed primarily under two categories- the intentional formation and the
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