Client Advocacy Essay

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Client Advocacy Zhanxinyang Client Advocacy Zhanxin Yang Advocacy is defined as the act of speaking for another or acting in their best interests. In a nursing field, advocacy means that the nurse acts for and on behalf of the client. To be an advocate for a client the nurse must ensure that the client is provided with adequate and accurate information relating to his care. The nurse must support the client in any informed decisions he makes about his care. In this way the nurse meets the ethical requirement of honoring a client’s right to self-determination (Funnel, Koutoukidis, & Lawrence, 2009). The American Nurses Association (ANA) includes advocacy in its definition of nursing as "the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations" (Nursing's Social Policy Statement, 2003, p. 6) Historically, patient advocacy has been considered a moral obligation for nurses, which is embodied in terms of specific nursing actions such as helping the patient to obtain needed healthcare, assuring quality of care, defending the patient’s rights Advocacy in nursing finds its theoretical basis in nursing ethics. Nurses work in recognized ethical and legal frameworks. For instance, the ANA's Code of Ethics for Nurses includes language relating to patient advocacy: the nurse promotes, advocates for, and strives to protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient. (Code of Ethics for Nurses - Provisions, 2001). Patient advocacy is fundamental to nursing because it is a philosophical foundation for nursing practice and described in ethical and legal frameworks, in the form of code of ethics. One example is Code of Ethics for Nurses. (Reza

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