Classifications of Anxiety Essay

345 WordsJul 24, 20142 Pages
Classifications of anxiety 1. Classifications of anxiety, somatoform, and dissociative disorders A. Classifications of anxiety- American literature, exemplified by DSM-III, greater emphasis is placed on symptomatic classification and panic is given separate diagnostic status, both alone and in conjunction with agoraphobia (Tyrer, 1984, p. One). B. Classifications of somatoform, C. Classifications of dissociative disorders 2. Major DSM IV-TR Categories of Anxiety A. Generalized anxiety disorder- Prolonged, incapacitating nervousness, B. Panic disorder - Occurrences of severe fear when there is a lack of existent danger, C. Phobias - Persistent, irrational fear and evading of specific objects or situations, D. Obsessive-compulsive disorder - Anxiety-producing, unwanted thoughts, leading to compulsive rituals, and E. Posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder - Numerous, particular symptoms arising in the wake of a traumatic experience (Hansell and Damour, 2008). 3. Major DSM IV-TR Categories of Somatoform A. Conversion disorder- Is also known as hysteria, specific symptoms or deficits in voluntary motor or sensory functions with no physiological cause , B. Somatization disorder- Recurrent gastrointestinal, sexual, or pseudo-neurological symptoms without a physiological cause, C. Pain disorder - Physical pain without a physiological cause, D. Hypochondriasis - Obsession with the distress of contracting, or the misguided idea that he or she has a serious disease, and E. Body dysmorphic disorder - Preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated defect in physical appearance (Hansell and Damour, 2008). 4. Major DSM IV-TR Categories of Dissociative Disorders A. Depersonalization disorder – Continuous and disturbing feelings of being detached from one’s mind or body, B.

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