Name ______ _________________________________________ Date _9/5/2012_______ Chapter 1 Reading Organizer 1. List and explain the three things that have to work together in order for most computers to perform useful functions. Hardware – External and internal physical components App Software – Programs that are loaded onto computers to perform specific functions Operating System – Computer programs that manage the hardware of a computer 2. List and explain the two general categories of application software. Business/industry software – software that is designed for use by a specific industry such as medical practice management tools, educational tools, or tools designed for use by law profession for example CAD etc.
The unit can compare numbers, letters, or special characters. The computer can then take action based on the result of the comparison. It then has a memory unit which allows the CPU via the operating system to calculate the amount of memory needing to be allocated to each programme and where to put the memory in use if unallocated. The processor can also control backing storage this is sometimes knows as secondary storage this is the name for all other data storage devices in computer i.e. a hard drive, etc.
Laptop d. Mainframe 3. The physical components of a computer are referred to as ____. a. software c. configurations b. hardware d. specifications 4. The computer needs additional components, called ____, to accomplish its input, output, and storage functions. a. mice c. architecture b. specifications d. peripheral devices ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Concepts 4 5.
Evaluate Systems Architecture Name School Abstract The CPU is the brain of the computer. Throughout the evolution of computers, various inventors have come up with different architectures and designs for CPUs. It has to be connected to the rest of the components of a computer and communicates with them through signals carried by buses on the system board. This papers examines the organization and interconnection of the CPU and the rest of the components Table of Contents Abstract 1 CPU 1 VLIW (very long instruction word) and EPIC (Explicitly parallel instruction computer) 2 Main memory 3 Registers 3 Program counter 3 Instruction register 3 Memory address register and memory data register 3 Multiprocessing 4 References 4 CPU A CPU can be described using various characteristics. These include the memory addressing techniques, type of registers and their number, the design of its instruction set and others.
(Choose two answers.) a. Used for short-term memory e. Is installed onto the motherboard 5. This chapter describes the concepts behind how a CPU reads the contents from RAM. Which of the following is true about the process of read data, as described in the chapter?
Which of the following is true about the process of read data, as described in the chapter? D. The CPU must first find the file in the file system before reading the data. 6. A user has opened a word processor, type the numbers 123456789, and stored the document as a file called report 1. Which of the following determines, in part, what bits the computer stores in the file to represent the text typed into the report?
Intel offers platforms that incorporate various components and technologies. Their innovation on the microprocessor, the x86, are found on most personal computers and laptops. Their System-on-Chip technology allows for integration of core processing functions with other system components, such as graphics, audio, and video, onto a single chip. Intel also offers components for mobile phones and related communications devices, such as radio frequency transceivers and power management integrated circuits, as well as providing software solutions and interoperability tests for platforms with Bluetooth technology and Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers. Intel is the world’s largest and highest valued semiconductor chip maker, based on revenue.
Desktop Computers and Laptops Today many people depend on computers as their primary source for information, communication, work, and even gaming. Generally, computers are found almost everywhere, and there are two common types of computers; desktop computers and laptop computers (also known as notebook computers). Even though both may have several similarities but when it comes to the main functions both types do. It is not entirely the case when it comes to further evaluation of both the laptop computer and the desktop computer. There are several variations when it comes to further analysis of both types of computers.
Another consideration when comparing the two is upgradability. Most computers have upgradability to a point giving computers an ability to last longer and perform better. In pursuing this further, laptops have a limited amount of upgradability. Upgrade options include the amount of memory available for computing, hard drive size and speed, wireless card,
Nathaneil Swartz Eng 091 Four Main Parts of a Computer What are the four main components to a computer? The four main components in a computer would be the motherboard, CPU, RAM, and the hard drive. In this essay I will be explaining what the four main components are and how they work together. The motherboards most important part would have to be the bios chip. The bios chip performs key functions like checking power supply, the hard drive, operating system, etc.