the application of science to fulfill a need or address a problem * How are technology and science related? How are they different? related by helping scientists make discoveries, technology fulfills needs and addresses problems. technology is an application of science Nature of Science topic * Define each of the following terms: * hypothesis an educated guess * theory well supported, well accepted explanation for a broad range of observations * law well-supported description of the behavior of the natural world * fact a phenomena about which competent observers agree * What is the difference between a scientific theory and a scientific law? law describes, theory explains * What is the difference between a scientific theory and a scientific hypothesis?
These advancements were most likely the basis for a sudden philosophical argument: What do we truly know? People wondered whether science was really giving us knowledge of reality. The quest for the answer to this question led to the development of these two schools of philosophy. Two of the most famous philosophers of epistemology are Rene Descartes and David Hume, the former being a rationalist, and the latter an empiricist. In this paper I will attempt to give an understanding of both rationalism and empiricism, show the ideas and contributions each of the men made to their respective schools, and hopefully give my personal reasoning why one is more true than the other.
What were the ideas expressed during the Enlightenment? How did they spread?- A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and that were just as scientific as the laws of physics. 3. What were Benjamin Franklin’s achievements?- Some of Benjamin's greatest achievements are later in life when he became a premier statesman. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1750 where his principal duties were voyaging to London to represent the colony before the English parliament.
The purpose of pseudoscience is to provide explanation for occurrences or behaviors that are not scientifically proven. Who is to say what is right or wrong? The average human being uses both science and pseudoscience in their everyday life and it is almost vital to produce a balanced, happy life. An example of this is a person who has a belief in a higher power that runs the universe and provides direction in life. This would be considered pseudoscience because there is no physical proof of a higher
“Conversely, a person who has a reputation for scientific misconduct is more likely to be judged harshly for plagiarizing because of his consistent past of unethical behavior (Penslar, Robin, L., 1995). The fact that this ethical theory does not consider a person’s change in moral character; it is one of its weaknesses. Utilitarianism is more concerned with the good for all. “According to this theory an individual’s rights may be infringed upon in order to benefit a greater population.” (2013) Utilitarianism, in terms of ethics, is an individual trying to make a positive change for a larger group, and morally would guide themselves in decision in regard to the group they are associated with or belong to. There are two types of utilitarianism, act utilitarianism which a person performs the acts that benefit most of the people regardless to a person’s feeling or the laws, and rule utilitarianism which takes the law
Historical Analysis of Candide Anthropology has been influenced by several events and eras throughout the history of mankind. Mostly taking place in the 18th century, the Enlightenment was a cultural movement, created by intellectuals, who wanted to reform society and its traditional beliefs and values through natural human reason. According to Immanuel Kant, Enlightenment is “man’s leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one’s intelligence without the guidance of another. ( Brainy Quotes)” This statement and definition of immaturity is directly related to the history of mankind, and how people do not use their own intelligence to guide their lives.
Knowledge also plays an important role in a person's world view. Similar to Naturalist and Secular Humanist, I think that everyone has the ability to empower themselves through knowledge. I Believe that human problems are caused through lack of knowledge and mistakes. Learning instead of being judgmental can greatly change someone views. In my experience, people views of certain things are often distorted due to lack of understanding.
Describe and evaluate the Humanistic Approach in psychology One assumption of the Humanistic approach is that every person has their own unique way of perceiving and understanding the world and that the things they do only make sense in this light. As other approaches take an objective view of people, Humanistic psychologists’ priority is to understand people’s subjectivity, asking ‘what is it like to be this person?’ As a result, they reject the objective scientific method as a way of studying people. Carl Rogers, founder of the humanistic approach created a therapy called client centred therapy. This treatment aims to uncover distortions and denials so the individual can gain insight into his/her true self. Client-centred therapy is based on the therapist giving the client unconditional positive regard, being genuine and honest, and empathising showing empathy.
On the other hand, the school of freedom or free will believe that the behavior of humans is unpredictable on the basis of precedents but it is a choice of an individual. He can choose to behave and act the way he wants to do such action. Therefore, free will hold the individual responsible for his or her action and behavior. Now, the theory of free will is subjective in its nature and, thus, rejects the scientific explanation of the behavior. The history is full of philosophers who are advocates of determinism, but the freewill school of thought has also been a subject of argument in the history.
Positivists are of the opinion that society can be studied using a scientific approach comparable to the way scientists study the natural world. The early sociologists such as Comte were of this opinion and Durkheim’s famous study ‘Le Suicide’ demonstrated many aspect of this positivist approach. On the other hand an interpretist will take a more humanist approach and are of the opinion that is in fact the individuals free will that shapes societythis social action is in stark contrast to the social systems approach. This is a viewpoint whereby the individual