Classical Theories of Management Essay

1381 Words6 Pages
Taehee KIM 06242979 115.108 Organizations and management Choose either Weber or Fayol and explain the influence of your chosen theorist on how managers manage in today’s organizations. Classical theories of management have influenced until today’s management. Classical theories can be divided into three main themes which are scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucratic organisation. However, these theories share one common assumption that is “people at work act in a rational manner that is driven mainly by economic concerns” (Schermerhorn, Davison, Poole, Simon, Woods & Chau, 2011, p. 87). People work for their personal goal and monetary gain. They do not usually work for the organisation’s goal and this is rational act for them and also it is human’s natural behaviour. From those three main theories, administrative principle would be most similar to today’s management style. Administrative principle introduced in 1916 by Henri Fayol. According to his book, Henri Faayol explained proper management of organisations and the people with them need to follow five rules and these five rules are similar functions of today’s functions of management which are planning, organising, leading and controlling. This essay going to explain what those rules are and how Henri Fayol’s administrative principle theory influences to today’s management with examples of large multinational organisation. Henri Fayol believed that the quality of management could be improved by education and he started set number of principles to educate better and efficient management (Schermerhorn et al., 2011). After studies and researches, he identified five rules which are foresight, organisations, command, coordination and control. He defined each duty’s functions and characteristic as the following. Foresight defined as study of future and set a budget after
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