Classical Conditioning Essay

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Classical Conditioning Janeen Tipton PSY/390 April 2, 2012 Dr. Steve Lazarre Classical Conditioning Throughout the years there have been many different forms of learning associated with different paradigms. Learning in this realm is reached dependant on the subject and the formula that is used to reach one’s objectivity. One way to address this is looking at association between two stimuli’s and this is what psychologist Ivan Pavlov came up with one form of learning; classical conditioning (Domjan, 2005). Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning is best described as a type of associative learning in conjunction with a specified stimulus (Malaka, 1999). The ideology behind this type of conditioning also known as “Pavlovian” conditioning (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009) is that a four step process has to occur to obtain the desired outcome. 1. Unconditioned Stimuli 2. Unconditioned Response 3. Conditioned Stimulus 4. Conditioned Response Stimuli and Response To understand how classical conditioning works it is imperative to understand the different stimulus and responses that are associated with this type of learning. Unconditioned stimuli (US) can be described as what comes naturally and will happen inevitably from the subject whether animal or man. An unconditioned response (UR) occurs because of the US. Conditioned stimulus (CS) is a unbiased stimulus that does not cause a natural or automatic response (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009). Finally, the conditioned response (CR) will occur due to the US, UR, and CS. For this type of learning to be effective it occurs more than just one time and a specific order must follow for it to be effective (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2009). Pavlov and Dogs To prove or disprove Pavlov’s theory a study occurred with dogs to

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