b) What are the famous design and designers of the Post- Modern Architecture? Yeimi Billu Professor Howard HIS 182 May 4, 2009 Research Paper Compare and Contrast Ancient Architecture and Post-Modern Architecture Architecture has been around for thousands of ages. Whether it’s a hut, a house, building or a monument, all of these and more are types of architecture. Now in our time architecture has an artist but yet classical outlook. In the Ancient times, the architecture was made to represent something more than what the eye sees.
Educational Presentation of 03.03 Contributions of Ancient Greece Ancient Greek civilization has been immensely influential to art and architecture of the modern world. Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by its highly dignified characteristics, both of structure and decoration. There are noticeable similarities of the ancient Greek architecture between the continents. Greek’s architectural influence can be noticed in bridge arches, monuments, bath houses, and buildings, national, offices and houses, worldwide. It is believed that ancient Greek architecture is best known from its temples, many of which are found throughout Greece, mostly as ruins but many considerably intact today.
The architectural technique of the arch is a trademark of Ancient Rome. The Romans applied the arch to many of their buildings for two reasons: as a support and for decoration. Two of the first structures to carry arches are bridges and aqueducts. It is sometimes said that the arch originated with the Romans. This should be differently stated because the arch itself was not originated by the Romans, but it was applied with great skill and success to various works of utility, and they made it a universal feature in civil buildings.
The roman needed a way to construct building s with big spans to mark power. They used the Post and Lintel construction method, that the Greek originated, and transformed it to an arcaded arch system by replacing the lintel by an arch; this made their buildings stronger, bigger, wider and more bearing due to the diversion of load in compression. One of the examples of arch use is the “pond du garre” aqueducts. The roman also made modifications on the Greek basilica. Romans needed interior space for worship, whereas the Greeks worshipped outside.
However, architecture not only shows the significance of someone or something, it can be seen as an art form. Dan Rice, an artist of the 19th century once said, "There are three forms of visual art: Painting is art to look at, sculpture is art you can walk around, and architecture is art you can walk through." Architecture can be seen as the most important art form because it is something you can experience and be a part of. Whereas when a person sees art pieces and sculptures, a person is just and outside figure. Past civilizations, such as the Romans, have influenced Medieval architecture and from that it has innovated and evolved into a new style, which would be known as Gothic.
This was a very common structural element and you can see this throughout all Greek architecture. A well-known structure displaying the post and lintel system is the Lion Gate located in Mycenae. Columns were an essential element in Greek architecture. They not only provided structural support, but also architectural detail. The three types of columns the Greek used were Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
The first buildings that were built in the Islamic Empire were designed by Greek architects who had already been living in the area when the Arabs conquered it. Because of that, these buildings look a lot like earlier buildings in the area - Late Roman Empire buildings. But because they were now building Islamic mosques and not Christian churches, these Greek architects were able to experiment with some new forms, developing a new Islamic style. One of the earliest mosques is the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, from the 600's AD. It's octagonal, like Hadrian's Pantheon, instead of being cross-shaped like a Christian church.
That has to say something about the engineering quality of the Romans. The Romans became very famous for their finely made roads. The Romans inventing running water into a major city was another very impressive feat. They had constructed 11 aqueducts that carried water from the main source to the center of the city. Doing this made for a cleaner city, which gave them the sense of being mightier than other citizens because they were cleaner than the others (Casseel, C, 2005).
This can be seen by comparing two different Roman Basilicas in this way. Looking at Basilica Aemilia (Figure A) and Basilica Julia (Figure B) we can clearly see these differences, and the effect that they have on the space and layout of the building. Despite these differences, they all have key similarities which defines them as basilicas. (Figure A) Basilica Aemilia Floor Plan, Ward Perkins, J B Roman Imperial Architecture, Yale University Press/ Pelican history of art, 1992, page 35 (Figure B) Basilica Julia Floor Plan, Ward Perkins, J B Roman Imperial Architecture, Yale University Press/ Pelican history of art, 1992, page 35 “Though broadly similar in design, location, and purpose, they offer
They are the temples of Angkor Wat, Cambodia (early 12th century) and Borobudur near Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia (between AD750 and 842)(6). Some civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements; as these are usually all that remain today to help us understand them. Function Function is the use, purpose or utility of an item or building. It should be useful and function well for the people using it; utility being one of the three principles a good building should satisfy; according to Vitruvius (10). The architecture of diverse parts of Asia developed along different lines from that of Europe; each having different characteristics.