Classical Essay

1363 WordsSep 28, 20146 Pages
MBA 510X Class 1 Individual Assignment “The Classical School of Management” Brandi Williams September 23, 2014 Instructor: Dr. Marianne Sullivan The Classical School of Management The classical scientific branch arose because of the need to increase productivity and efficiency. The emphasis was on trying to find the best way to get the most work done by examining how the work process was actually accomplished and by examining the skills of the workforce. The classical scientific school owes its foundation to several major contributors, including Frederick Taylor, Max Weber, and Henri Fayol. Contribution to Management Fredrick Taylor was known as the pioneer of scientific management. Taylor developed techniques to improve the efficiency of the work place process. Taylor based the theory on the study of people, task and work behavior. Jobs were then broke into minuscule sub-tasks, to seek the most efficient process as possible for a particular job.The focus was on testing several tasks to see how much work could be completed in a certain amount of time. Taylor’s method consisted of gathering, analyzing, and converting information to rules or laws and mathematical formulas to complete tasks (Malkinson, 2009). He collected scientific data to train workers so they could develop the proper skills to complete their tasks in a timely and efficient manner. He also believed that distributing work equally between mangers and workers; managers applied scientific techniques, which allowed workers to preform task according to the plan. Max Weber’s theory of management was known as bureaucratic management theory. Weber bureaucracy style of management was a formalized, rigid structure (Hartzell, 2014). This non-personal view of organizations followed a formal structure where rules, formal legitimate authority, and competence were characteristics of appropriate management

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