Assess sociological explanations of ethnic differences in educational achievement Some sociologists argue that some ethnic groups maybe underachieving in the education system whereas some say that these ethnic groups differ in the education system. Material factors may affect ethnic groups in the education system, material deprivation explanations see educational failure as results from factors such as substandard housing and low income. Ethnic minorities are more likely to face these problems according to Flaherty as unemployment is three times higher for African and Bangladeshi/Pakistani people than for whites, Pakistanis are nearly twice as likely to be in unskilled or semi-skilled jobs compared to whites. Ethnic minorities are more likely to be engaged in shift work. These inequalities parallel those in educational achievement e.g.
The idea that unequal treatment and social mistreatment are still constant struggles is addressed in Angelina Price’s essay “Working Class Whites” and bell hooks’ essay “Eating the Other: Desire and Resistance. Both authors explain how racial and social controversy affects today’s society. This is done through Price narrowing her focus on how class structure and media relations affects this issue while hooks’ essay concentrates more on public perception with relation to this issue. Both authors use a significant amount of evidence to support their logic as well as ideas that allow the reader to draw their own personal conclusions. In both essays, the idea of social class fueling thoughts and perceptions of either the “Other” or “poor white class” in today’s society is drawn upon multiple times.
It is simply the ability to make money. It is also commonly said that immigration into America is so appealing because of its opportunities to produce new social statuses. The majority of the time that there are reasons listed for attempts to migrate into the United States they are material reasons. D’Souza wrote “America represents “the bitch goddess of success.” That is why people reach out for the American Idea” (D’Souza 435). D’Souza acknowledges that while there are many materialistic gains to be made in the American society the desire for immigration and the commonly held views of America has a more prominent reason, the American dream is a dream based on freedom.
If African Americans reject low paying jobs that other immigrants are competing for, they justify the belief that they are less deserving than immigrants. Resentment for this treatment further validates the white belief that African Americans are unworthy, restarting the cycle over again. Gans concludes that it might be a possibility that race could be eventually erased through interracial marriage, but he also points out that Americans may come up with a different way to mark levels of social classes. I feel that Gans’ conclusion follows his evidence logically, explaining the reasons why people socially construct different classes, and what might be a possible outcome in the
Chisholm wanted to prove from personal experience how society is more prejudice over gender than race itself. Not only in her eyes is it hard to be black but it was even more hard to be a woman as well. Throughout the speech she uses her own experiences justifying her proposal for equal rights. After
How do George and Lennie represent the theme of “outsiders”? The word “outsiders” means when someone or something doesn’t belong in a particular place or job. The American society developed outsiders in the 1930’s because of how women; black people and anyone who they thought was different from them were out casted from the “American white society”. The women in America were treated as a house wife and the men use to just keep them locked away; they were just treated like an ornament not a human. In the 1930’s White people were a higher class or more superior than the Black people; they were discriminated against because they were coloured.
She also suggested that his research was flawed because his research participants were Caucasian males that were well off, and therefore could not present an accurate theory with such limitations on his research. Gilligan suggested that moral development in females goes from selfish, to social morality, and then to principled morality. Her own theory suggests that Kohlberg's theories are gender biased, because he determined that a man's moral judgment rates higher than that of women (Muus, 1988). While men organize their relationships according to hierarchy, women's relationships are based on "interpersonal connectedness, care, sensitivity, and responsibility to people" (Muus, 1988). She theorized that women, because of their caring nature will wait to pass judgment because they understand the complex nature of relationships more than men, who tend to think in a more linear fashion.
We live in a society in which your race can help determine what type of sentence you will be issued if ever incarcerated. For instance, whites are more likely to get the minimum sentence for a crime as opposed to a black person. In fact, some people allege that the American criminal justice system is racist. Moving on, gender plays a big part in the administration of justice. The treatment in the criminal justice system varies from male to female.
Marxists claimed that racism serves the interests of the capitalist or employer class by dividing workers according to their colours and ethnicity, reducing their potential unity and thus their bargaining power. More worker bargaining power means higher wages and lower profits, and less bargaining power means lower wages and higher profits. It also explains why black workers will not replace white workers, even if the latter can be paid lower wages. Although law has been enacted to prevent structural racism, but personal prejudice still goes on. Whites with a criminal record are more than 3 times more likely to get a call back than blacks with a criminal record.
ABSTRACT Economic discrimination is a plague that affects many minorities. As a minority group, do homosexuals also experience economic discrimination? This paper explores the topic by researching workforce factors such as job, wage, and income inequality. From the research acquired, homosexuals are found to experience discrimination in the workforce as they are not, for the most part, protected by equal employment acts. It is harder for homosexuals to find and keep positions, and employers often treat them differently.