Abuse usually starts within the home for most children, as well as outside with people who are not family members. In this paper, I will be discussing child abuse and the effect that it’s had on adults who have survived through this trauma. Physical abuse is actually more common to occur in most households. Boys and girls are both equally likely to be physically abused, and the abuse can range from spanking, to torture, to even murder. Children are vulnerable and are sometimes challenging to care for especially when they have difficult temperaments or disabilities (Sullivan & Knutson 2000).
Positive parenting, re-establishing trust, and being attuned to children’s emotions can play a big role in diminishing the harmful effects of this trauma. The parent-child relationship must be focused on in order to help a child come through this disturbance. The Impact of Domestic Violence on Preschoolers It is a sad fact that 30-43% of children in the United States have witnessed some form of physical violence between their parents. This violence can have a profound effect on preschoolers development cognitively and emotionally. Studies suggest that younger children may be more vulnerable to the effects of witnessing domestic violence than older children (Johnson and Lieberman, 2007) so it is very disturbing to recognize that young children are more likely to witness incidents of violence than older children (Ybarra, Wilkens, & Lieberman, 2007).
Substance abuse is a difficult situation for anyone to deal with, but the problem is compacted when children are involved. Parents who are substance abusers may knowingly or unknowingly be causing a number of problems for their child. Emotional effects that children of substance abusive parents may experience are to blame themselves for their parent’s overall drug or alcohol abuse, thinking that they are not good enough and force their parents to use drugs or alcohol. There is a higher occurrence of depression, anxiety, eating disorders and suicide attempts among children growing up with substance abusive parents compared to children that grow up with parents who do not abuse substances. The child might develop stress-related health problems like gastrointestinal disorders, headaches, migraines, or asthma, causing them to miss
The Psychodynamic application and treatment of antisocial personality disorder is linked with the assumption that the sufferers are born into dysfunctional families with physical abuse tendencies, cruel, and are emotionally turbulent (Akhtar, 1992). Consequentially, children that are born into this type of aforementioned family setting may experience helplessness feelings especially when their parents are unleashing barrages of anger and violence on them. As a result, such child may resort into using defense mechanism of identification with the
The mind frame which an adolescent is permanently damaged with is not a healthy one. The learned behavior that a male or female carry on becomes an unhealthy cycle. It is too often that adults don’t realize that the major victim to domestic violence is the innocent child who lives the domestic violence environment. For example, young preschool children witnessing domestic violence has a negative effect on the development of preschool. There is a discrepancy between exposed and non-exposed children in cognitive ability as well as externalizing and internalizing behavior problems.
March 7, 2011 Spanking a Good Way to Teach and Discipline if Used in the Right Way Have you ever wondered how many people incarcerated today are there because the came from an abusive childhood? Have you ever thought about what how one’s life would be different if their parents would have taken the time to use effective discipline or just simply taken the time to explain to their kids what they are doing or did is wrong and therefore must be punished? It has been argued that spanking should be done away with. Some like myself believe when used properly and the parent has explained to the child; what he/she did was wrong spanking could be a very effective tool in not only raising your kids but disciplining them as well. Supports 1.
Spanking is however still widely used as a means to punish kids across the world. Some have opposed it as a great idea to punish kids owing to it being able to affect their emotions as well as psychology. After being beaten so much the child will only behave when subjected to pain. This only result in more pain as a way to deal with those kids found to have hardened leading to abuse. Most of those found to result to spanking may be frustrated, and only trying to express their emotions.
Physical abuse has shown, in some cases, to cause important regions of the brain to fail to form properly (Perry, B.D 2002) Physical abuse has also been known to cause poor physical health such as sexually transmitted diseases. Shaken Baby Syndrome(SBS) is another physical health consequences due to the fact that it can cause blindness, learning disabilities in infants. Psychological consequences cause by physical abuse are poor mental and emotional health, cognitive difficulties, and social difficulties. Many of the young adults develop some type of psychiatric disorder early in life. As researchers stated, "These young adults exhibited many problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and suicide attempts (Silverman, Reinherz, & Giaconia, 1996).
Therefore In this essay I intend to put across both side of the arguments and then conclude with my own personnel opinion. Some people are against smacking children because the research evidence shown is overwhelming; smacking children is an ineffective way to manage children's behavior and damages their development. We have laws that protect adults from being assaulted by other adults however many people still believe that smacking children is a legal form of discipline. Is this therefore not ironic? As an adult can be protected by violence but a child does not have the same right.
4.1 Many people associate neglect and abuse with physical harm, however this is not the case and can take the form of physical, emotional, neglect or sexual abuse. As practitioner’s, people need to have a good understanding and knowledge of the signs and symptoms of neglect and abuse, in order to act upon and report possible occurrences to the appropriate the designated child protection officer. In order for this happen we as practitioners, as I mentioned earlier, have to understand the signs and symptoms of abuse and neglect, an example of these are: Physical Abuse: Physical abuse is the deliberate harming of a child or young person through the form of hitting, kicking, beating with objects or shaking to name but a few. If subjected to this abuse the child or young person could show some of the following symptoms or signs: * Unexplained recurrent injuries or burns. * The wearing of heavy clothes to cover injuries even in hot weather, or the refusal to undress for PE or games at school.