Cju 2.11 Child Abuse

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h In Criminal Justice Criminal Justice and The Constitution CJU-422_01 Edward Waters College Abstract While child abuse and neglect occurs in all types of families, even in those that look happy from the outside, children are at a much greater risk in certain situations. Eighty-four percent of prison inmates were abused as children. One in three girls and one in five boys are sexually abused by an adult at some time during childhood. Most sexual abusers are someone in the family or someone the child knows, not the proverbial stranger with a lollipop. Families with four or more children have higher rates of abuse and neglect, especially if their living conditions are crowded or they live in isolated areas. More than 80…show more content…
Child abuse is a complex phenomenon with multiple causes. Understanding the causes of abuse is crucial to addressing the problem of child abuse. Parents who physically abuse their spouses are more likely than others to physically abuse their children (Garbarino, & Garbarino, 1994). Many physically abusive parents and caregivers insist that their actions are simply forms of discipline—ways to make children learn to behave. But there is a big difference between using physical punishment to discipline and physical abuse. The point of disciplining children is to teach them right from wrong, not to make them live in fear. However, it is impossible to know whether marital strife is a cause of child abuse, or if both the marital strife and the abuse are caused by tendencies in the abuser. Substance abuse can be a major contributing factor to child abuse. One U.S. study found that parents with documented substance abuse, most commonly alcohol, cocaine, and heroin, were much more likely to mistreat their children, and were also much more likely to reject court-ordered services and treatments (Besharov, 1990). Children with a history of neglect or physical abuse are at risk of developing psychiatric problems, or a disorganized attachment style. Disorganized attachment is associated with a number of developmental problems, including dissociative symptoms, as well as anxiety, depressive, and acting out…show more content…
Child abuse is emotional when you are constantly blaming or putting down a child; excessive yelling, shaming. It is likely that emotional child abuse is greatly underreported, since it can be difficult to detect and difficult to document. Emotional child abuse includes acts of commission or omission by the parents and other caregivers that could cause the child to have serious behavioral, emotional, or mental disorders. In some instances of emotional child abuse, the acts of parents or other caregivers alone, without any harm yet evident in the child's behavior or condition, are sufficient to warrant the intervention of child protective services. For example, the parents or caregivers may use extreme or bizarre forms of punishment, such as confinement of a child in a dark closet. Mental child injury is also sometimes termed psychological child abuse or verbal child abuse. Emotional abuse is set on a child who is apathetic, which means they just do not care. It is also set on a child who suffers from depression, a child who won't take part in play or school activities, and a child who is often hostile or aggressive. Emotional abuse can, and does, happen in all types of families, regardless of their background. Most
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