Cjs 200 Wk 9 Juvenile Crime Essay

715 WordsAug 30, 20133 Pages
The number of juveniles in the court system is growing all of the time. In 2008, there were almost one hundred thousand children under the age of twelve arrested by the police. This number represents only about ten percent of all of the juveniles up to the age of 18 in the court system. With this in mind, there has been increased focus on how to handle these juveniles in the court system. In the early phases of the criminal justice system both children and adults were treated and housed the same. Over time the court systems have been developed and the way in which juveniles are dealt with has changed. It wasn’t until the 1870’s that children and adults require separate hearings and the law changed to say that the adult and juvenile offenders should not have any contact. The development of the Juvenile Justice System was initiated as a result of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act that focused on the reformation of juveniles instead of restitution. The Juvenile Justice System has the bases of the Adult Justice System but the goals are much different. In the juvenile courts a child’s privacy is protected from the public. They focus on the needs of the child, trying to identify problems they are having and find solutions, treatments and support systems, to help them to stay out of the court system rather than punishment. Juvenile systems also believe that there shouldn’t be any long term confinement and that no matter what offense that you committed as a child you should be released by the age of twenty-one. The court process for the juvenile can last from a couple hours to a couple days long and are informal in nature without a jury. The idea behind the juvenile court is that the children can be reformed so that we can keep society safe. The records of the juvenile can be sealed and sometimes destroyed based on the circumstances when the child becomes of

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