Police Organization Paper
There are many different types of law enforcement agencies, from small town police departments to large federal agencies throughout the United States of America. There are more than 17,000 state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States and there are 65 federal agencies, ranging in size from one officer in small towns to more than 30,000 in large cities. Many of these are municipal police departments operated by local governments, but there are actually several types of law enforcement agencies and federal agency’s such as border patrol, US marshals and the most widely known of the federal agencies, the F.B.I (Federal Bureau of Investigations). Local law enforcement can be the Sheriff’s department to the city police such as the Sacramento police department where I live. You also will have highway patrol or state troopers and even state police.
The local police departments will be organized to only work within a certain jurisdiction in the city while sheriff departments will work in the county. Both of these agencies will work together because the sheriff’s department has the jails to house people convicted of small crimes or awaiting prison and trail. Federal agencies have their own jurisdictions which all depend on the agency. State police have jurisdiction over anywhere in the state but still work within the states agency’s when arresting a suspected criminal unless they broke federal crimes then the case will go to the federal courts. The US Marshalls can go anywhere they want in the country to apprehend criminals but will usually work with local police. The F.B.I deals with more serious crimes and any crime that crosses from one country to another or from one state to the next. Federal agencies have their own prisons and laws that they enforce which makes them different than local and state police.
All police agencies are in charge of preventing crime, lowering crime and catching criminals who have committed a...