And in most large cities, they have enough crime to allow detectives to develop specific expertise in certain crime solving and bringing the criminal to court. For example, the town that I live in, Elmwood Park, NJ, they do not have a homicide department. What the Elmwood Park police department does have is a criminal investigators unit. This unit has individuals that investigate. These individuals are called criminal investigators.
Out-of-Town Brown Out-of-Town Brown Probation is a sentence typically given to individuals whose crimes are nonviolent. The Collier county Probation Department is no different from other probation agencies. They are responsible for providing a presentence investigation report to the court prior to an individual’s sentencing. The presentence investigation report gives the judge a type of sentencing recommendation based on the defendant’s background, family life, and previous criminal history. Violent crimes typically attract high media attention.
City police officers are responsible for maintaining order, responding to emergency calls, and dealing with violence, and serious crime. Grant and Terry (2008), suggest that local agencies also take part in processing fingerprints, preventing and deterring crime, investigating violent crimes and property crimes and enforcing traffic laws. County Sheriffs have unique roles because they serve law enforcement (patrolling and investigating crimes), courts (Serving subpoenas and providing security for the courts), and corrections in that they maintain the county jails. The coroner or medical examiner’s roles vary as well because they investigate crime scenes; they conduct autopsies, and determine the
In chapter five of Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice, Pollock states when one asks most people what the role of policing is in society, the response is some version of “catch criminals” or “fight crime”. (p.105) The majority of police officers are professional and ethical; however a small minority abuses their power. This leads to close suspicion by the public of all police. Police have great power in our society to arrest, use force and also have the power of life and death. Police have two types of perceptions of the police mission, either a crime fighter or public servant.
Corrections is the part of the system is responsible for the management of people who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses. Many people may think of jails and prisons as equal. However, they differ in many ways. First, jails are county or city administered institutions that house both inmates awaiting trial on the local level and convicted misdemeanants serving a term of one year or less, while prisons are state or federal facilities housing convicted felons serving a term of more than one year. Second, jails are run by sheriffs and/or local governments and are designed to hold individuals awaiting disposition of their case and waiting for transport to the state prison system after they have been convicted.
The fifth task is to sentence convicted criminals. When a judge sentences a convicted criminal it can be from a fine, community service, restoration, or a prison sentence. Punishment is given to fit the type of crime the criminal has committed. Many criminal cases and almost all civil cases are heard by a judge without a jury present (Role of the Judge and Other Courtroom Participants, n.d.). Witnesses are present in the courtroom to give testimonies about facts pertaining to the case.
The term “detective” is one title a lot of law enforcement agencies use, in most cases they are referring to “Private Investigators”. Like police officers, detectives can carry a weapon on them with a permit. They are not always on the job to discover a crime that had occurred. But if a Detective/Private Investigator can prove a crime has occurred, they usually hand their information over to the police department so arrest can be made. On some cases, detectives specifically ivestigates details of a crime that had happened, usually after a case has gone “cold”.
In addition, it is not uncommon to observe police officers working part-time jobs with private security officials in order to safeguard valuable assets. Certain jurisdictions throughout the States, have giving special private security officers arrest powers as a result of the lack of public security officers available. One major difference that has been slowly but steadily changing is the mandatory training required for both the public and private security officers. The training and education a public police officer must complete in order to be hired by any department, is on average far more in-depth than that of a private security officer who usually is forced to submit to a standard drug test and a basic back ground criminal investigation check. But the educational opportunities that exist in modern day, the availability of these educational opportunities and the
At the local level we have agencies from campus police to transit and tribal police. The roles and responsibilities of the agencies at the local level are to patrol areas within their jurisdiction, to maintain order and to investigate crimes. Local police officers are usually the first to respond to incidents in their area. At the state level we have alcohol law enforcement agencies, highway patrol or state police, state bureaus of investigation, and port authorities just to name a few. At the federal level we have agencies within the department of justice that include the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the U.S.