Civil War to Reconstruction Essay

587 Words3 Pages
During the time of 1860 (civil war) to 1877 (reconstruction) the united states went through a transformation. Social and constitutional movements were the two major things that contributed to the reform. Documents such as the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments along with the emancipation proclamation were some of the most major events constitutionally. Socially, the assassination of Lincoln and the formation of the Ku Klux Klan helped the transformation of the U.S. These vital events would lead to the reform revolution of America. The first step towards the inevitable reform revolution in American was constitutional when south Carolina’s declaration of causes of secession (doc. A) Came out. As stated “By this constitution, certain duties were imposed upon several states, and the exercise of certain of their powers was restrained, which necessarily imperiled their continued existence as sovereign states.” This set the tone for the separation of the other pro- slave states. Eventually the states would have a civil war. The lack of soldiers in the south affected them greatly and now they turned their heads towards the blacks. But now that they could fight, would they have the privilege to vote? As the man speaks (doc. C) he says “the government has asked the colored man to fight for its preservation and gladly has he done it. It can afford to trust him with a vote as safely as it trusted him with a bayonet...” To add to these freedoms the union authorities sought to get rid of slavery by constitutional means (doc. D). Then Lincoln will make and sign the emancipation proclamation which started the reform to free all blacks. Due to the fact that blacks were becoming more like white people, by obtaining the same freedoms, the southerners went into a civil outrage. For example as seen in document G, the Negros were allowed to vote in 1867 thanks to the 15th amendment.
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