This dissertation is on Chapter 4 Response of The Government to The Black Panther Party, War against the Panthers: A Study of Repression in America University of California, Santa Cruz by Huey Percy Newton. Huey Percy Newton discusses how the Black Panther Party was formed in America in 1966 as an organization made up of Black and poor people embracing a common ideology identified by its proponents as revolutionary intercommunalism. Drastic measures were taken by agencies and officers of the federal government to destroy the Black Panther Party politically and financially. The F.B.I as well as the government did not like what the Black Panther Party believed in; the main purpose of the Black Panther Party was
Compare, contrast and asses the ideas of Booker T, du bois, Randall and Marcus Garvey to overcome the challenges faced by African Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centauries, African Americans were suffering greatly, due to the apparent effects of segregation. In this notion legal segregation was developing in the south while natural segregation seemed clear in the north. This was down to the realisation of the indifference of wealth between the ‘Blacks’ and the ‘whites’. Inevitably this discrimination also involved much more than just indifference of colour, blacks experienced poor working conditions violent retaliation and even lynching if the status quo of white supremacy was to be challenged.
They were pictured by the mass media as: “Malcolm X and his organization were teaching hate and violence”. According to Malcolm X, he was teaching blacks to understand their exploitation, to fight back when attacked, and to seize self-determination “by any means necessary”. As for violence he did advocate armed self-defense (only when under attack, the black people had the right to defend themselves). He argued that this doctrine would only detect and deflect racist violence, not cause it! While during that same time Martin Luther King, Jr., who was also a black civil right activist in America, taught to fight racism with love.
A black who tried to register in Mississippi was shot at by a white. One registrar drew a gun and ordered a black activist to leave. Several activists were beaten. Sitkoff says, ‘only a significant federal presence in the Deep South might have saved the voter registration program.’ (124) Blacks saw President Kennedy as a ‘temporizer and manipulator’ who would act only ‘when it suited his
The Klan was targeting black political leaders and other blacks due the Reconstruction. For the first time, the Ku Klux Klan Act designated certain crimes committed by individuals as federal offenses, including conspiracies to deprive citizens of the right to hold office, serve on juries and enjoy the equal protection of the law. (Klu Klux
During the time of the Civil Rights Movement African Anericans all over the United States were fighting for the equality they believed they deserved. However, there is one man who fought for complete separation of blacks from whites. Malcolm X, a member of the Nation of Islam; more commonly known as the Black Muslims, fought for black nationalism. The black muslims believed that African Americans should separate themselves from whites and form their own self-governing communities. Malcolm X's value to the Civil Rights Movement was positive because he influenced African Americans to take pride in their own culture and to believe in their oability to make their own way in the world.
During the 1950’s and 1960’s, black Americans faced a number of civil rights problems. These problems included segregation, black voter – registration as well as poverty which began to become Martin Luther Kings focus after major civil rights legislation. Martin Luther King responded to these issues by organising a successful boycott to end segregation on transport, a march in Selma and his Poor People’s campaign. During the 1950’s and 1960’s one of the problems blacks faced was segregation. After the 1896 ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ ruling on ‘separate but equal’ everything was segregated.
He delivered speeches that got his followers to build anger and not want a peaceful demonstration. Many viewed Malcom as an extremist and in his speeches he preached about separatism between blacks and whites. . The Civil Rights Movement was an era dedicated to activism for equal rights and fair treatment of African Americans in the United States. Rallies were held to end discrimination, segregation and to change the culture, political and social mind set of America.
The previous mentality of the Accommodationist was rapidly diminishing amongst blacks as they no longer wanted to accept the status quo nor accept that inequality was God’s will. However, as ‘‘racially motivated violence had become part of the way of life in the South’ . World War 2 can not be accounted for as the key turning point in the civil rights movement just because it increased black consciousness and activities in the North. Other factors and key leading figures in the civil rights campaign can be seen as more prominent in the civil rights campaign. These include the achievements: of Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People l (NAACP).
Another propaganda the US Government used was the idea they were fighting for freedom and human rights, yet the black soldiers fighting were not completely free and were having their own human rights abused back in America. As well as the fact the fact that despite the US welcomed the extra soldiers but still treated them unequally sparked something amongst the black community. And so began the Double V Campaign. It stood for Victory Abroad, Victory at Home. It meant they wanted Victory against Nazi Germany and the Axis, and Victory for Civil Rights.