Civil Rights Movement In The 60's

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Throughout most of US history, black citizens have suffered from extreme discrimination and racial harassment. They were forced to leave their lives in Africa and embark upon a journey to United States where they would be put to work as slaves. This continued until the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. Even though, with slavery abolished, the Jim Crow laws gave rise to racism and segregation to further prolong the suffering of African Americans. Finally, after years of hatred and prejudice, African Americans began to demand the fairness that was promised to them in the Constitution. There were many important achievements that the Blacks accomplished in the 40's and 50's that helped the Civil Rights movement in 60's lead the way for a new…show more content…
In 1954 racial segregation in public schools where not to be taken lightly anymore. Oliver brown brought a lawsuit onto the board of education when his daughter was not allowed to attend a local, all white school. The Supreme Court heard arguments of five cases that challenged elementary and secondary school segregation, and in May 1954 issued its landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education that stated that racially segregated education was unconstitutional and "inherently unequal." This decision was so significant in the civil rights movement that it had been called the most important moment in black history since the 13th amendment. Following the "Brown vs. board of education" decision an incident known as the "Little Rock Crisis" occurred. In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957, Governor Orval Faubus defied a federal court order to admit nine black students to Central High School, and president Eisenhower was forced to send in troops to enforce desegregation. Although most desegregations were not as serious as Little Rock, the desegregation process did proceed-slowly. Schools were desegregated only in theory, because neighborhoods were segregated by race and by having segregated neighborhoods would only lead to segregated schools. This event was very crucial in civil rights history because when the guard was called in, it was the first time that the federal government was used to protect African Americans. This government assistance showed the activists that there was someone watching out for them-. Finally in 1955, the mother of the civil rights movement, Rosa Parks, refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus, sparking the Montgomery bus boycott in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation is unconstitutional. The ruling in this case reinforced the reactions from the Brown vs.
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