Civil Rights Leader Essay

952 WordsOct 29, 20094 Pages
Civil Rights Leader The two most famous figures in black American history were Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King. Their religious background and approaches towards black liberation were different; they were almost the exact opposite of each other. Although their educational background and childhood experiences were different, their passion and purpose for black equality remains the same. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta Georgia. He was born to Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Martin Luther King Jr. left high school at the age of fifteen and entered Moorehouse College graduating with a Bachelors of Arts in sociology. King then entered Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania graduating with Bachelor of Divinity in 1951. In September of the same year, King entered in the Systematic Theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy in June 5, 1955 (Martin Luther King’s life). Malcolm Little or Malcolm X was self educated by the prison system. In keeping correspondence with his brother Reginald, Malcolm Little was introduced to the Nation of Islam, under the guidance of the Honorable Elijah Mohammed; the leader of Nation Of Islam in America; Malcolm Little converted to Islam. In 1952 after his release from prison, Malcolm went to meet with the Honorable Elijah Mohammad in Chicago. It was after this meeting that Malcolm Little changed his surname to “X.” He went on to explain that “X” symbolizes the rejection of his slave name “Little”; it represented the unknown factor, or the absence of his inherited African name. Most importantly “X” was also the brand that African slaves received on their upper arms. After changing his name, Malcolm X became the Assistant Minister of Nation of Islam’s Detroit Temple. In

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