As stated in his own words in Document 1, “Because the Negro in this country holds the balance of power and if the Negro in this country were given what the Constitution says he is supposed to have, the added power of the Negro in this country would sweep all of the racists and the segregationists out of office. It would change the entire political structure of the country. It would wipe out the Southern segregationism that now controls America’s foreign policy, as well as America’s domestic policy.” This clear view of Black Power by Malcolm X holds a clear bias towards the Black Power demanded by many, serving to inform other African Americans of their rights. Given the fact that this statement came from Malcolm X, an influential leader, the very words of this would serve to be important to the black community, which was highly influenced by such leaders, though the views of Malcolm X were hindered by a clear bias towards black rights only. Here, Malcolm X argues, like many other leaders and protestors of the Civil Right Movement, that Black Power was paramount among the people and that it was the mainstay of the identity and the stability of America.
He had hoped that he could gather a momentum that would extend the support of black churches because black churches played a central role in the Civil Rights Movement. Meanwhile, SNCC brought together like-minded students. Ella Baker, also a director of SCLC, started this organization along with student activists after the highly publicized and successful Greensboro sit-in in 1961. The SNCC gathered many whites and blacks and traveled North to South to protest in support of the civil rights cause. The SNCC ideas of a very successful strategy and tactic were to organize sit-ins, boycotts, and other protests across the country to end segregation in public places such as restaurants, public transportation, and schools (Janken).
During the 1950’s and 1960’s, black Americans faced a number of civil rights problems. These problems included segregation, black voter – registration as well as poverty which began to become Martin Luther Kings focus after major civil rights legislation. Martin Luther King responded to these issues by organising a successful boycott to end segregation on transport, a march in Selma and his Poor People’s campaign. During the 1950’s and 1960’s one of the problems blacks faced was segregation. After the 1896 ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ ruling on ‘separate but equal’ everything was segregated.
Compare, contrast and asses the ideas of Booker T, du bois, Randall and Marcus Garvey to overcome the challenges faced by African Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centauries, African Americans were suffering greatly, due to the apparent effects of segregation. In this notion legal segregation was developing in the south while natural segregation seemed clear in the north. This was down to the realisation of the indifference of wealth between the ‘Blacks’ and the ‘whites’. Inevitably this discrimination also involved much more than just indifference of colour, blacks experienced poor working conditions violent retaliation and even lynching if the status quo of white supremacy was to be challenged.
During this era, the civil rights movement was occurring and activists such as Martin Luther King Jr. himself influenced Americans to change justice, equality, and freedom for all African Americans by empowering the people through his words. This particular speech had a massive impact on Americans simply because of the segregation issues that were present
She believed in empowering women and is known today as a strong feminist icon. Cameron Russell: a Victoria’s secret model that gives TED talks about the fashion industry’s obsession with beauty and weight and is also a great inspiration and spokeswoman for young girls today. Angelina Jolie: a 21-century feminist that was named as the most powerful celeb in the world today and brings together every aspect of female empowerment and liberation. Gloria Steinem: an American feminist, journalist and political activist who became nationally recognized as a leader of and spokeswoman for the feminist movement in the late 1960s. Nellie McClung: a Canadian feminist, politician, author, and social activist who was one of the “Famous Five” Alberta women who initiated and won the person’s case to have women recognized as persons under the BNA Act.
The practices of the late Malcolm X were deeply rooted in the theoretical foundations of the Black Panther Party. Malcolm had represented both a militant revolutionary, with the dignity and self-respect to stand up and fight to win equality for all oppressed minorities; while also being an outstanding role model, someone who sought to bring about positive social services; something the Black Panthers would take to new heights. The Panthers followed Malcolm's belief of international working class unity across the spectrum of color and gender, and thus united with various minority and white revolutionary groups. From the tenets of Maoism they set the role of their Party as the vanguard of the revolution and worked to establish a united front, while from Marxism they addressed the capitalist economic system, embraced the theory of dialectical materialism, and represented the need for all workers to forcefully take over the means of
With charismatic and intelligent spokesmen such as Martin Luther King, the Civil Rights campaigners had brought the plight of black Americans to the attention of the whole world. The federal government had been forced to respond and the legislation of the nation had been changed to address the inequality and oppression experienced by millions of black citizens. For many black Americans, and also many sympathetic white Americans, the hope was that the USA was entering a new age of equality and meaningful civil rights for all citizens. By the mid 1960s, however, many black Americans were becoming disillusioned. Many Southern states continued to harass and persecute blacks regardless of the new legislation.
She helped to make her fellow African Americans aware of the history of the Civil Rights Movement to the best of her ability. Rosa Parks was a pioneer in the struggle for racial equality and was a recipient of numerous honors, including the Martin Luther King, Jr. Nonviolent Peace Prize. Mrs. Parks helped blacks pass tests that had been set up to make it difficult for them to pass.
Black communities around the world have faced injustice and oppression in their societies. In the United States, African Americans lived in a post-slavery society still influenced by racist beliefs, leading to discrimination and inequality. On the other hand, Jews in Ethiopia persecuted for their religion and had great difficulty surviving in dangerous conditions. In response to these struggles, social and political organizations were established. For black Americans in the mid 20th century, the civil rights movement was crucial in changing a prejudiced society, where the effects of slavery and discrimination still remained.