Segregation was enforced by Jim Crow laws which kept Blacks and Whites separated. They used separate churches, hospitals, toilets and schools. Whites saw Blacks as second class citizens and treated them that way. Whites tried controlling the Blacks by using violence and intimidation. The NAACP set up a network of lawyers to help advise Negro clients with legal action to attempt to change this way of life.
A young pastor – Martin Luther King Jr, organized the campaign. A string of African American arrests led to national publicity and Bus Boycotting beginning in other cities. In December 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that segregated buses were illegal. This achievement helped Martin Luther King become a national focus for African American action. In September 1957 9 African American students won the right to enrol at Little Rock Central High school.
By World War I, even places of employment were segregated, and it was not until after World War II that an assault on Jim Crow in the South began to make headway. In 1950 the Supreme Court ruled that the Univ. of Texas must admit a black, Herman Sweatt, to the law school, on the grounds that the state did not provide equal education for him. This was followed (1954) by the Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., declaring separate facilities by race to be unconstitutional. Blacks in the South used legal suits, mass sit-ins, and boycotts to hasten desegregation.
Texas Culture Government Research Paper Texas has a rich and long history and much of it has passed through the state over the years to become a part of its folklore. This Texas folklore is part of many cultures within the state and has even filtered outside the state. The first cultural influence on Texas was from the Paleo-American Indians. When these Indians arrived they were in a bit of a culture shock when they met the Spanish in the 16th century. In the following centuries, more people began to arrive in Texas and they brought new ways of talking, believing and doing things.
Public schools, transportation, restrooms, restaurants, water fountains and most public areas were segregated. Whites used these laws to keep their social dominance over blacks in the south. The Plessy vs. Ferguson Case all started when Homer Plessy sat in a white car of East Louisiana railroad, The Separate Car Act of 1892 requested him not to. He then was arrested when he identified himself as African-American and the case went to the United States Supreme Court. His lawyer argued the act violated the thirteenth and fourteenth Amendments.
Freed slaves continued to struggle with these issues long after the Civil War and only recently, have they seen some type of equal treatment. The Mississippi Black code was enacted in November, 1865 and provides some insight into the laws and regulations put in place for "Freedmen, free Negros or mulattos". In 1865, The Mississippi Black Code was created by southern white legislatures in response to the south losing the Civil War. This document touches on the various new laws that regulate
All of the children attended school and both Mama and Papa worked which was rare for an Afro-American family. Times were hard in the 1930s if you were an Afro-American. The Logans were all victims of racial exploitation but they considered themselves lucky compared to some of the other black families. Share you
This event was important because it gained international attention which put pressure on the different structures of the American government to make changes, and finally in 1965 the Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buses was illegal. It also brought the black community closer together to stand up for their rights this is shown when Jo Ann Robinson a head of a group of professional black women in Montgomery says, ‘we are asking every negro to stay off
Mexico was a new Fragile Nation State that lacked resources, technology and a stable central government, according to the history book Occupied America. According to Occupied America, Large number of colonist from the United States entered Texas in the 1820’s as refugees from the Depression of 1819. The decision to allow colonist from the United Sates to enter Texas was a calculated decision made by the Tejano population of the
Martin Luther King is a African American civil rights activist that uses numerous techniques of peaceful protest to imrove the human rights of African americans. In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, where Rosa Parks was famously arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a bus. After Parks' arrest, King came to national prominence in the US. He was a leading figure in organising the boycott by African Americans of buses in Montgomery. Tutelage from Bayard Rustin, a prominent civil rights campaigner, helped King to commit to a principle of non-violent action heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's success in opposing the British in India.