Civil Rights In Texas

458 Words2 Pages
Civil rights are issues that we have faced since the beginning of our country. Minorities have fought for decades on the issue of civil rights. From the 1900’s to present day minorities have came long ways from working in fields to becoming CEO of major corporations, but there is still work to be done. The civil rights crusades in Texas where not only for blacks but Mexican- Americans as well. During the 1900’s Texas began to transition from a rural to urbanized area. Prior to the 1900’s Texas was an agriculture state consisting of mostly farmers and few industries. The transition to urbanization held a major impact on minorities. Most minorities were uneducated and knew nothing more than working on farms or in fields. From the 1900’s…show more content…
This allowed blacks to go to school, get jobs , and do the same task as whites but in separate facilities. Blacks lived in mostly run down areas in the cities as whites stayed in nice suburban areas. By the 1930’s illiteracy rate in the black population had fallen 13.4 percent. Negro schools promoted athletic events, academic contest, and school clubs that stimulated the social life of children and teenagers in the ghetto. The segregated school also trained black leaders. Houston’s own Civil Rights activist Elderwey Stearns played a very important part in the desegregation process in Houston. Stearns was a TSU law student who was arrested and beaten for having a photo of a white woman in his wallet. After being jailed and beaten Stearns who always wanted to be a civil rights activist later became the president of Progressive Youth Association. The PYA worked and did sit- ins in segregated facilities in the Houston area. He also fought for job openings of African Americans. As the civil rights movement started the integration was the major issue. Integration reforms in Texas started in 1950. The court case Sweatt v. Painter decision ordered integration of the University of Texas Law School. Other colleges and universities in Texas would soon follow but left dorms and eating facilities
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