Civil Rights Essay

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Jared Mason Mrs. Paventi SUNY U.S B/D 4/5 Even after the abolishment of slavery, African Americans would continue to face discrimination and hardships for the next hundreds of years. The Plessy v. Ferguson ruling in 1896 made segregation legal in the United States, and white Americans could not fathom living equally with blacks. African Americans faced a number of hardships living in the United States. As a result court’s ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson, all public facilities were split, into black and white facilities, even schools. Facilities were supposed to be “separate but equal”, but black facilities were never as well maintained as white ones, including schools. Therefore African Americans often got less of an education compared to their white counterparts. Linda Brown was an 8 year old from Topeka, Kansas who was denied to white schools a few blocks down the street, her father Oliver brown, tried to enroll her there and his application was rejected, and Linda had to walk seven blocks to attend her integrated school. Will help from the NAACP and thirteen other families, a case was brought to district court and appealed to the Supreme Court. NAACP lawyers argued that by segregating schools by race, minorities were deprived equal education, a violation of the 14th Amendment. In a unanimous decision the court ruled to end segregation of schools, because it violated the 14th amendment. Even though the court’s ruling meant that schools were to be desegregated, many people, mostly in the south fought against the ruling. They argued federalist ideas such as states’ rights, meaning the each state had its own choice whether its schools were segregated or not. These “federalists” used the idea that state government should wield more power than the government, to continue segregation in schools. Desegregation of schools wasn’t a law yet, it was just a court

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