Civil Rights Essay

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Canadian Healthcare Law Essay Tommy Douglas, a former Premier of Saskatchewan and forefather of Canadian health insurance, first proposed the concept of universal medical care, known as Medicare, in 1962. By 1984, ten provinces had implemented their own independent versions of Medicare based on specific provincial legislation. In 1984, the Canada Health Act was passed into law by the Federal government. The goal of this is “to encourage the development of health services throughout Canada by assisting the provinces in meeting the costs.” This act accurately defines its mandatory requirements of suitable healthcare by providing strict specifications that each province or territory must comply with in order to receive Federal funding. The private healthcare sector in Canada was essentially eliminated when the Canada Health Act was passed. Unfortunately, Medicare has cost Canadian taxpayers an increasing percentage of the Gross Domestic Product each year. In 2007, Medicare consumed $160 billion, and in 2008, the cost was $5,170 per person. In fact, globally Canada is ranked fifth in top healthcare expenditure. The obvious high costs of maintaining Medicare has resulted in the government limiting its spending, reducing the quality of services provided, and dramatically increasing wait times for many procedures, even some that treat life-threatening conditions. The public healthcare system in Canada is highly controversial. While those in countries lacking universal public healthcare often praise Canadian Medicare, it is questionable as to whether a public health care system with insufficient funds is a superior alternative. Perhaps American admiration is merely undue praise for a flawed system. The Canada Health Act has been instrumental in ensuring universal, equal and unconditional healthcare to any Canadian resident requiring any covered health procedure.

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