Civil Rights Essay

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Women Civil Rights 1865-1992 Key : Black = random facts, red = presidents, orange = congress, yellow = Supreme Court, lime = individuals, green = groups, blue = war, indigo = economy, purple = riots/protests/strikes. 1865-1914 1900 4 million children worked in industry or coalmines 1907 – 30 states had abolished child labour Civil War – unmarried women worked as nurses, some went to HE but men opposed it 1870 – 13% of unmarried women worked domestically or in factories. 1900 this trebled – they made up 17% of the workforce. Married women remained at home 1890s – women who graduated could get office jobs due to invention of typewriter and telephone, could earn up to $7 a week 1900 – 949,000 women worked as teachers, secretaries, librarians and telephone operators. 1920 rose to 3.4 million 1900 = immigrant female workers worked 70 hours for $5 1870 – farm workers (male and female) = 53% of labour force, 1900 = 37.5% 1850 – average children in white family = 5.42, 1900 = 3.56 1900 – half of High School graduated were female 1880 – 1 in every 21 marriages ended in divorce, 1900 – 1 in 12 1862 – Homesteads Act – women owned homesteads outright – too isolated 1870 – 15th Amendment – activists were angry that women weren’t given the vote Jane Addams – set up Hull House, inspired by charity work in the slums of London, social reformer Hull House – 1889, social centre to help immigrant families settle, child-care classes, English lessons, help finding jobs, day nurseries. 1895 – 50 houses had been est. urged politicians to reform housing and other social issues 1873 – Women’s Crusade – mass movement of women demanding prohibition Women’s Christian Temperance Union – 1874 – middle class whites, led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.Wanted temperance and women’s suffrage. 1900 – 7,000 branches in 52 states. Second President was Frances Willard

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