Civil Rights Essay

1728 WordsSep 5, 20147 Pages
Civil Rights Struggle in the United States Martin Luther King once said, “I look to a day when people will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” It was on August 28th 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Martin Luther King delivered his iconic speech to a crowd of over 250,000 people calling an end on racism. One of the most notable achievements on the fight of racial equality was the inauguration of the first African-American President of the United States in 2009. However, the adversity of civil rights today not only consists of the color of one’s skin, but that over gender, sexual orientation, religion, or certain other characteristics. We find that with the advent of the civil rights movement in the 1960’s, civil rights itself has a much broader spectrum in the fight of equality and moral freedom. If we compare some civil rights issues from the past to today we find that women are able to hold the same jobs and paid the same amount as males and the legalization and recognition of same-sex marriage in almost 19 states would be unheard of if we take a few steps into the past. African-American Civil Rights Movement Following the American Civil War, the United States passed three constitutional amendments to expand civil rights in the country. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery throughout the United States. However, in response to the creation of the the Thirteenth Amendment, various states enacted "black codes" that were intended to limit the civil rights of the newly free slaves. In 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment countered these "black codes" by granting citizenship to African-Americans.To elaborate, according to the Library of Congress, the Fourteenth Amendment includes the following: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states

More about Civil Rights Essay

Open Document