The judge in their case harbored negative sentiments towards the two men, because of his own conservative Yankee Republican standing. Despite the support from many influential people such as Felix Frankfurter, Eugene Debs, Ben Shahn, John Dos Passos, and Edna St. Vincent Millay, large groups of people rallied against them. The conservatives of the time called for the death of the anarchist immigrants, and the nativists harped on the immigrant origins of the two men. Unfortunately, the two men, after having gone through an unfair trial, were found guilty in 1921. After many years of appeals and delays, Sacco and Vanzetti were put to death by electric chair on August 23rd, 1927.
The controversial laws passed in 1798, otherwise known as the Alien and Sedition Acts, were enacted in response to the crises happening at the time. From these acts, the President gained the power to deport all aliens he viewed dangerous to the peace and safety of the U.S. The acts also allowed the restraint and removal in time of war of resident adult aliens of the hostile nation. Divisions in politics combined with distrust in other nations and domestic upheaval led the Federalists to pass these acts. The dispute over the Alien and Sedition Acts exposed bitter disagreements on a number of issues.
Stalinist Russia during the late 1930’s experienced extreme changes and suffering in all sectors of society, including the military. The weakening of Russia’s military strength under Stalin’s rule is aptly described by Mary Leder in the novel “My Life in Stalinist Russia.” “No matter what the answer may be, it is an irrefutable fact that the Soviets did not use the two-year break to build up their defenses. On the contrary, Stalin continued to undermine the army by arresting its most talented leaders. He strengthened Germany by selling it the raw materials it needed to conduct the war. ” Through sources such as first hand accounts like the statement above, along with in-depth textbooks, I was able to understand the linear timeline of the Red Terror, and how the Red Terror was inextricably tied to the Russian casualties and suffering in World War II.
The KKK quickly adopted violent methods. The increase in murders finally resulted in a backlash among Southern elites who viewed the Klan's excesses as an excuse for federal troops to continue occupation. The organization declined from 1868 to 1870 and was destroyed by President Ulysses S. Grant's prosecution and enforcement under the Civil Rights Act of 1871. In 1915, the second Klan was founded, it preached racism, anti-Catholicism, anti-Communism, nativism, and anti-Semitism. Some local groups took part in lynchings, attacks on private houses and public property, and other violent activities.
Everyday history is being rewritten as well as repeated in all aspect of human life, whether it takes place from sciences to the history of the United States. In the early twentieth century the Unites State’s federal government passed the Espionage Act of 1917, prohibiting not only spying and interfering with the occurring military draft, but also false statements that might prevent military success. In 1918 the government passed the Sedition Act to help prevent espionage. This act made it a crime to make spoken of printed statements that intended to cast contempt, scorn, or disrepute the government, or that advocated interference with the war effort. Virtually the entire socialist press became victims as well as many foreign-language publications.
Apart from the colonist being harassed with taxes, their trade with all parts of the world except Britain was another reason why the colonists wrote the Declaration of Independence. The illegal imposition of rules over their trade and production, commonly known as the Navigation Acts, which have been pressed on them for over a century and made worse by the Sugar Act and Townshend Acts was controlled once the Declaration of Independence was written and signed. Furthermore, the colonists were being deprived in many cases. The Boston Massacre was when a mob of 50 colonists gathered to protest against the officials. As fists and clubs began flying a soldier dropped dead, this forced the soldiers to fire, killing five civilians and wounding six.
JOHN ADAMSSecond President of the United States Born in 1735 - Died July 4, 1826 | | * John Adams was the first vice-president and then became the second president of the U.S.A * John Adams was born on October 19 , 1735 in the village of Braintree, Massachusetts. * Adams died on July 4, 1826. * He dedicated more than fifty years of his life to his country. * John Adams helped inspire the fight for freedom against Great Britain and spent almost 10 years in Europe as an American diplomat. * Adams defended the British soldiers during the Boston Massacre trial.
In 1794 Pitt moved against English radicals. Forty-one men including Thomas hardy who was the leader of the London corresponding societies was arrested and charged with high treason, however some of these trials were abandoned and the government had more success against those publishing seditious material. Parliament and Pitt was prepared to pass legislation very quickly and were allowed to pass the suspension of Habeas Corpus which was a writ requiring that someone who had been arrested and imprisoned
Schenck v. United States (1919) Facts of the Case: When America entered WWI, Congress passed the Espionage Act of 1917, which said that during wartime obstructing the draft and trying to make soldiers disloyal or disobedient were crimes. Charles Schenck, who served as general secretary of the Socialist Party, was vehemently against the war. He mailed thousands of pamphlets to men who had been drafted into the armed forces. These pamphlets said that the government had no right to send American citizens to other countries to kill people. As a result, the government charged Schenck with conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act by attempting to cause insubordination in the military and to obstruct recruitment.