Civil Liberties Dbq

500 Words2 Pages
During the time of war many Civil Liberties are threatened or violated; there are many examples of this throughout history. One of the first accounts is the Sedition Act of 1798, in which law declared it a criminal act to criticize the government and its officials. The threat to Civil Liberties continues even to this day and age. During World War I, Congress passed laws designed to silence any one who spoke out against the war or the government. Newspapers were censored, some politicians were jailed, and mobs attacked anyone suspected of disloyalty. In June 1917, the Espionage Act was enforced declaring it a crime to speak against their government's war effort, incite disloyalty, or to encourage men to resist the draft. The Sedition Act of 1918 outlawed any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language, against the flag, Constitution, and even the uniform of the armed forces. Heavy fines and jail sentences up to Twenty years in jail was the punishment for this crime.…show more content…
It provided the initial authority for the roundup and internment of approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans, even through some were American citizens. In 1943, the federal government forced the detainees to take an oath of loyalty, and to serve in the United States military. There was a series of court cases that challenged the wartime treatment of Japanese-Americans. The first court case was Hirabayashi vs. the United States in 1943 and the second court case was Korematsu vs. the United States in 1944. In both of these court cases, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the United States. Then in April 1942, Mitsue Endo filed a petition of habeas corpus, two years later in 1944, the Supreme Court ruled in Endo favor to separate the loyal and disloyal
Open Document