Why God Allows Evil I. Introduction: An approach to explain why an all-good God tolerates the existence of evils. A. Theodicy: A vindication of God’s goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil. This is the basis Swinburne uses in justifying his reasoning on the possible co-existence of both God and Evil. B. Swinburne claims that if there is a God, the occurrence of evils is to be expected.
Which do you agree most with, and why? Grand Canyon JUS 110 MOD 5 DQ 1 Can the latent trait theory of crime be used to build arguments connecting race and crime? Why or why not? Grand Canyon JUS 110 MOD 5 DQ 2 What difference exists between life course and latent trait theories of crime? Grand Canyon JUS 110 MOD 6 DQ 1 How does the motivation of a serial killer differ from that of a terrorist?
Racism can be one of the leading causes for the nullification of a verdict. The same racism exists today driving juries to nullify the law in favor of or against a person charged with a crime. The ethnicity of jurors can influence whether or not nullification takes place. “Jury nullification is often attributed to juries that identify with and share the same characteristics as the defendant, such as the defendant’s racial or ethnic background, socioeconomic status, or value system. The occurrence of this type of nullification has been attributed to a potential response to social conditions, including the perception that the criminal justice system targets minorities,” (Keneally, 2010-2011, p. 945-946).
Concrete Responses The essays included present a compelling but biased study within the context of class, race and gender. History shows racism has been clearly practiced in the past; however much has been done to correct the unbridgeable and immutable differences in race, gender and class status in the United States. Rothenberg emphasizes, in the collection of essays, past views of Euro-Americans’ superiority in intelligence and abilities over darker skinned races. Throughout the history of the United States, discrimination against race and gender has been documented thus creating various classes according to race and gender. Racism has been defined as “a belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race” (Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, 2010).
The Death Penalty in the United States: A Literature Review Marie-Pierre Higgins Concordia University-Portland Abstract The purpose of this literature review is to establish why the death penalty is an important topic, review the literature surrounding it and discuss the validity of the articles reviewed. Research shows that the death penalty and its ramifications impact society. Public opinion is divided between the proponents and the opponents of the death penalty, its application, and the methods of executions. Some articles survey the philosophical aspect of the death penalty while others explore the financial cost of the death penalty. Some pieces address the deterrence effect and others the unfair racial division among death row inmates.
In this paper, I will discuss the effect that capital punishment has on deterring criminal activity. Capital punishment is the execution of criminals by the state, for committing crimes, regarded so terrible, that this type of punishment is the only acceptable punishment for the crime committers. For decades now, there has been an ongoing debate over the death penalty in America. The chief argument in favor of death sentences is the fact that it can be used as a deterrent. Deterrence is the idea that executing the murderers will decrease the rates of homicide by discouraging future murderers.
The property or constraint of being morally perfect is as important as omnipotence. God is omnipotent within the constraint of also being morally perfect. It also means that if you use this definition of God, evil not only can exist it must. The philosophers had a lot to say about evil as well. They categorized them as natural evils and man-made ones.
I contest that the will can be both necessitated and free through God’s grace and that the aforementioned terms are related through the twelve-step model of a human act. I will answer and connect these queries by exploring will and evil as investigated in Augustine’s On Free Choice of the Will and Aquinas’s A Summary of Philosophy and providing an example of a complete human act indicating at each step the role of intellect and will. An antecedent evil act is one in which the ignorance or misinformation is not voluntary and if the person committing the evil act becomes knowledgeable of their misinformation then remorse for their evil act is shown. While an antecedent evil act can be carried out by a good will, consequent and concomitant acts are those that are products of evil wills. Erroneous reason plays a large part in these acts as many make reasoned decisions based on misinformation; therefore to determine whether or not their will is good one must investigate why they were misinformed.
Should laws be based on morality? |PROS |CONS | |Yes, laws should be based on morality. |No, laws should not be based on morality. | |“There are two types of laws, just and unjust. One has a moral |Morality is a misleading concept, varies from person to person, | |responsibility to disobey unjust laws.” –by Dr Martin Luther King Jr in |basing laws on morality would mean imposing someone’s moral views and| |1963, the importance of morality in man’s actions even if the man might |values upon others, especially about sexuality –gay marriage etc | |have to stand against laws, morality is more important than legality |(Chappell).
Then it will move onto Merton’s strain theory (1933) and analysis; whether class is an influence when evaluating criminal and deviant behaviours with a contrasting view from Albert Cohen (1955) from his studies on delinquency. It will then analyse from a psychological followed by biological approach from Hirschi (1969) and Jacobs et al (1965). Critical evaluation from different studies and theorists will be applied throughout to question whether it is a person’s environment that leads them into criminal and deviant behaviour. The difference between crime and deviance is that crime breaks the laws of a particular society. If someone commits murder then they are liable to arrest and prosecution in the U.K.