Cisco Essay

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Cisco announced changes to the CCENT and CCNA Routing and Switching certifications, and the related 100-101 ICND1, 200- 101 ICND2, and 200-120 CCNA exams, early in 2013. For those of you who understand the how the old Cisco ICND1, ICND2, and CCNA exams worked, the structure remains the same. For those of you new to Cisco certifications, this Introduction begins by discussing the basics. Almost everyone new to Cisco certifications begins with either CCENT or CCNA Routing and Switching. CCENT certification requires knowledge and skills on about half as much material as does CCNA Routing and Switching, so CCENT is the easier first step. The CCENT certification requires a single step: pass the ICND1 exam. Simple enough. The CCNA Routing and Switching certification gives you two options, as show in Figure I-1: Pass both the ICND1 and ICND2 exams, or just pass the CCNA exam. (Note that there is no separate certification for passing the ICND2 exam.) Figure I-1. Cisco Entry-Level Certifications and Exams As you can see, although you can obtain the CCENT certification by taking the ICND1 exam, you do not have to be CCENT certified before you get your CCNA Routing and Switching certification. You can choose to take the CCNA exam and bypass the CCENT certification. As for the topics themselves, the ICND1 and ICND2 exams cover different topics, but with some overlap required. For example, ICND1 covers the basics of the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol. ICND2 covers more detail about OSPF, but to discuss those additional details, ICND2 must rely on the parts of OSPF included in ICND1. Many topics in ICND2 build upon topics in ICND1, causing some overlap. The CCNA exam covers all the topics in both ICND1 and ICND2—no more, no less. Types of Questions on the Exams The ICND1, ICND2, and CCNA exams all follow the same general format. At the testing

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