Film Paper 1: “Cree Hunters” Society consists of people bound with the same beliefs and social norms that differentiate them from people outside of the society. The Cree of Mistassini is a society consisting of people who are defined by their nomadic lifestyles and skillful hunting. In 1974, the lives of three Cree families are chronicled in a documentary, “Cree Hunters of Mistassini”. The film explores the beliefs and ecological principles that they hold, and it shows their life as hunters at James Bay and Ungava Bay. Cree people who are usually reclusive about their way of life agreed to be documented in the film as they are worried about the shrinking number in their people who are still retaining their traditional way of life.
The entire Métis community took part in these hunts. The Red River carts essentially instituted the great buffalo hunts (Vrooman, 2003). Since the Métis lived on the settlements along the Red River, they had to travel a long distance to hunt, and without the Red River carts this would not be possible. The use of the Red River carts to and from these hunts increased the efficiency of transporting not only the Métis themselves, but also more hides and meat could be brought back home for food and materials. There have been many instances in history where large numbers of Métis people and Red River carts have been cited.
Historical Context: The Plains Indians got their name because they lived in the Great Plains of the United States. The land extended all the way from Mississippi to the mountains of Canada. In order to survive, the Indians hunted buffalo as their main source of food, they would surround the buffalo on horse, until the group of Indians drove it off a cliff. Other than hunting another big part of the Plains Indians life was religion. The worship of the Great Spirit was the main thing to their beliefs.
The quiver and arrow were probably used by John Ross, the Cherokee Chief, to hunt food and to project the nation while on the Trail of Tears to Indian Country in Oklahoma in 1838 during the Age of Jackson. The quiver is made from genuine deerskin used exclusively by the Cherokee in Georgia before the Trail of Tears. The beads are made of bird bones which were often used as decoration and on jewelry for both Cherokee women and men. The Cherokee often used bear claws to represent the most successful warrior on necklaces and arrow quivers. The hand-made stitching on the arrow quiver is authentic and made from “sinew thread or deer tendons” which were used in the 1800 time frame to sew clothing and accessories.
The Nanticoke were real good fisherman because they lived by a river. So fishing was a big part of their culture. Their clothing was usually made from animal’s skins. Mostly deer skin and bear skin was used usually. Even though there were a lot of wolves in the area they didn’t use them because they were considered to be their friends.
The Blackfeet Indians were Algonquian-speaking tribe of the Northern Great Plains. The Blackfeet migrated to their homeland from the east, after having separated from other Algonquians. The Blackfoot Confederacy was once so powerful that they controlled a huge expanse of the Northwestern high plains, from the North Saskatchewan River in what is now Alberta all the way to the upper Missouri river in Montana, flanked on the West by the Rocky Mountains. “Members of the Blackfoot Confederacy included three sub-tribes or bands, the Blackfoot proper (or Siksika, meaning “those with black eyed moccasins” in Algonquian), the blood (or Kainah, meaning “blood,” so named because they painted their bodies with red clay), and the Piegan (or Pigunni, meaning “poorly dressed”), plus the Gros Ventre and Sarcee” (Waldman34). All three of the Blackfeet bands plus the Gros Ventre and Sarcee were Algonquian speaking peoples.
Society • Their social structure showed that men and women were equal • Women had authority over domestic matters (sometimes even relations with other tribes including war) • Men were protectors, hunters, workers, fathers Inuit family group • Gender roles were based on traditional division of labour, so that the strong ones did appropriate work and service for the family AND the tribe/band or village • There was a sense of community so every man, woman, & child knew their place, knew their job, knew what was expected of them. Crime was almost non-existent. Share… • Old people, the needy or sick, were all supported and respected for their contribution over a lifetime • Many tribes, such as the Ojibwa (Ojibway/Chippewa) in eastern Canada, would share resources such as tools, and hunting or growing land • There was no private property or ownership in the way Europeans saw it • Tribes did have their own territory and settlements, of course, going back many
Final Paper: Reconstruction of The Changing Arctic Brett Wegleitner Concordia College The 21st century has been one of many changes in both the environment and how nations will forever change the Arctic, as it is now perceived. The arctic is one of the most fragile places on Earth as it holds the key to many new resources that have barely been touched and also a huge commodity for countries that would like to exploit the Arctic waters as new shipping lanes emerge due to global climate change. Climate change has been the largest factor in the changing Arctic as the ice is retreating further and allowing for more ships to have access and for corporations to begin extracting hydrocarbons to be shipped all over the world as we become more
How does the writer show the conflict in her thoughts and feeling about hunting? The writer uses her personal experience to describe the feeling and thoughts in a harsh environment vividly. In the third paragraph, the writer writes a few sentences to show that ‘an essential contributor to the survival of the hunters in High Arctic’. It can be obviously seen that catching the narwhals to eat is necessary, as the people need to survive on them. The author uses some technical language such as ‘vitaminC’ and ‘scurvy’ to implie that this is the only source of food, energy, tools and money in the High Arctic, which shows her sympathy to the hunters as hunting for Narwale is the only job they can do.
Nature has a profound impact on the cultural and spiritual lives of Native Americans. From a tribal members early age on, the natural universe is apparent in the Native American culture. Many times, indigenous people are even named after elements of nature. Native American author Medicine Grizzlybear Lake and his son “Wind-Wolf” (Grizzlybear Lake 370) are both examples of this. The relationship between nature and culture is thus evident in the education of Native Americans, as well.