The main functions of the blood are to transport, defence, regulation and clotting. The oxygen is carried from the lungs to the cells of the body in red blood cells. Carbon dioxide is carried from the body’s cells to the lungs. Cellular waste such as water, carbon dioxide, lactic acid and urea are carried in the blood to be excreted. Hormones, internal secretions that help to control important body processes are also transported by blood to target organs.
The blood vessels are a intricate network of tubes that transport blood throughout the body. These vessels carry blood from the heart via the arteries ,then arterioles, then to capillaries or sinusoids, to venules, to veins and back to the heart. The final component to this structure is blood that delivers nutrients and removes wastes that are a by product of cellular processes that happen within the body. What is its
P4: The Cardiovascular system The cardiovascular system refers to the heart, blood vessels and the systematic circulation (blood). Blood contains oxygen and other nutrients which your body needs to survive. The body takes these essential nutrients from the blood. At the same time, the body dumps waste products like carbon dioxide, back into the blood, so they can be removed. The main function of the cardiovascular system is therefore to maintain blood flow to all parts of the body, to allow it to survive.
D1 The cardiovascular and respiratory system interlink with each other, this is because they both have a link when it comes to gases exchange. This is because inside the lungs there are air sacs they are called the alveoli there are millions of alveoli, around each alveoli are capillaries which are small blood vessels, as the walls of this is thin carbon dioxide goes into the alveoli from the capillaries and the oxygen goes back into the capillaries which then goes into heart, and the heart pumps blood all around the body. These systems work very closely together, this is to make sure that organ tissues get enough oxygen. Oxygen is needed for cellular function. The air which we breathe in which is kept in the lungs, is the transferred into blood.
Cardiovascular system The cardiovascular system consists of our heart (left and right ventricle, left and atrium, aorta, tricuspid valves, semi-lunar valves, vena cava, pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein), blood and blood vessels (renal artery, hepatic artery, renal vein and hepatic vein). The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients and removing gaseous waste from the body. Digestive system The digestive system consists of the stomach, pancreas, liver, small intestine (duodenum, ileum and jejunum) and the colon (ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon). The digestive system is used for digesting foods to a soluble form for the small intestine to absorb the minerals and vitamins and then what is left of the food is transported to the colon for water reabsorption and then excreted through the anus. Endocrine system The endocrine system is the system of glands, each of which secretes different types of hormones directly into the bloodstream to maintain homeostasis.
As the now oxygenated blood flows back through the left atrium, it does so under increased pressure. However, the mitral valve which is made up of two triangular flaps, prevents blood from flowing back into the atrium once it enters the left ventricle atrium and instead continuing its journey through to the aorta. http://www.healthline.com/human-body-maps/mitral-valve The aortic valve: The aortic valve is located between the
Furthermore they diffuse through plasma membranes of red blood cells and bind to the haemoglobin. By the cardiac cycle, oxygen gets transported to cells all over the body, where it’s used for aerobic respiration. One of the products during respiration is carbon dioxide. It is diffused in blood plasma and also transported by the cardiac cycle, back to the lungs. There the carbon dioxide will diffuse down the concentration gradient through endothelial cells in capillaries
Urinary and Reproductive Systems Dissection Urinary System Kidney The kidneys are paired organs with several functions. They are an essential part of the urinary system and serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid-base balance, and regulation of blood pressure. They serve the body as a natural filter of the blood, and remove wastes, which are diverted to the urinary bladder. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium; the kidneys also are responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids. The kidneys also produce hormones including calcitriol, renin, and erythropoietin.
However, it is possible for topical drugs to enter the systemic circulation and cause side effects. We must understand the mechanisms of drug transport into and out of the bloodstream so that it can be enhanced when needed, and minimized when not needed. In general, drug distribution is the reversible transfer of drug from one location in the body to another. To simplify the distribution process, the body is considered to be composed of two distinctive fluids: vascular fluid and extravascular fluid. Vascular volume (i.e., blood) includes the fluid in the heart and vascular system of the body.
To start with, there is the transport of nutrients, in glucose and amino acids in the blood. There is also the removal of excretory products, such as ammonia and urea. There is also the secretion of the substances such as hormones. Water is also seen in liquid form commonly, for the movement of materials around organisms, both in cells and on a large scale in multicellular organisms – which require a liquid transport medium. This is because of the hydrogen bonding between water molecules and the molecules are more difficult to separate.