The concepts and values associated with law, democracy, government policy, and employee behavior govern the behavior and practices of the people. These aspects also have a great impact on the justice system as a whole. In order to understand how they are related, we must first understand the details of each. Definitions of Law, Democracy, Government Policy, and Employee Behavior: The concept of law consists of a system set with rules and regulations, which are executed amongst the people, and businesses within the public and private divisions. The law forms the structure for government, the economy, and society in which we live in so many ways.
Differences between Federal constitution, civil laws, criminal laws and code of ethics Law protects basic individual rights and freedom such as liberty, equality and freedom of speech. It prevents individuals in powerful position from taking an unfair advantage of other people. Law ensures a safe and peaceful society, in which individual rights are preserved. Certain governments have cruel laws, where police and armies arrests and punishes people without a trial in the court. Law applies to every persons, public authorities, governmental departments, private bodies, profit making organizations as well as non-governmental organizations.
The prosecution must without a reasonable doubt prove the defendant is responsible for committing the crime. And in doing so must remain within the regulations of the courts. Sometimes the prosecution’s personal, ethical. Organizational, or political beliefs can becomea driving force into a trail which can have negative effects on the courts when misconduct occurs or mistakes are made. When misconduct or mistakes are made it can have very damaging effects on individuals and their lives, but also to the credibility of the criminal justice system.
It is usually recommended that any career use honesty as a quality, but it is extremely important that criminal justice professionals have honesty as well. Law enforcement is occasionally known for being corrupt, and it is so important for our law enforcement officers to be truthful on all applications, reports, and everyday work. This provides for more efficient and trustworthy public servants. The most important reason for honesty is simply to ensure that the innocent stay that way and are not caught in the lies of the accusers. Criminal justice professionals play an important role in the court system, and if they lie on accusations and evidence, the innocent become victims of the dishonesty.
If any citizen tries to misuse his or her basic rights, or take away other citizens, law enforcement is required to take action on it. Individual citizens are empowered by knowing what their rights are because it can protect you from self-incrimination and, keep the criminal justice system from convicting and individual of something they did not do. It can also help you to not get arrested for something you did not do, Knowing what your rights are can also help you know what is criminal from not being criminal, and can keep you out of the criminal justice system. The role of the
* Food and Drug Administration (FDA): U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner wanted to regulate the production, chemical content, advertising and distribution of cigarettes. * Castano: They accused tobacco companies of intentionally addicting smokers by manipulating nicotine un cigarettes, representing more than 50 million plaintiffs. * TOBACCO COMPANIES: * They wanted to defend their companies from the different legal suits by the anti tobacco companies. * To maintain the value of their stocks . OUTCOMES OF THE ROUNDS The case although had started with distributive approach, where both the parties were eager to fight and the success of one party would have marked the loss of the other.
Wikileaks and Ethical Issues 1. Introduction In this modern world or society, everyone live under the law and regulation. Therefor, the law is playing a major role to maintain the basic world order. The law can punish people who hurt some one else. But actually the law cannot control everything, for instance, some ethical issues like Wikileaks.
Both types of duty are quite important, but they have some distinction. Actions that require the judgment of one’s perfect duty create conflict if morally wrong, such as the killing of others. Perfect duty is, in a way, a human’s natural instinct of right and wrong. All members of society are simply expected to follow these standards in order to cooperate with one another. An imperfect duty however, will not result negatively if not satisfied.
Roscoe Pound said that interests are both individual and social and that conflicts are only resolved through considering them on the same level. Individual against individual and society against society and therefore failure to do this is bias towards society. He also believed in consensus view of society believing that interests should be balanced in line with society’s values. There are many theories to whether conflicting interests are balanced but we must look at parliament to see what they do to tackle this problem. Parliament does manage to balance conflicting interests in the process of making an act.
I may also be tempted to exempt myself and others from the rules convinced that the rules were meant for others or that the actions I am taking really are fair for everyone. My ambitions may overpower my sense of justice. When this happens, I may overlook abuse of power by those in my own social groups. My blind spot is that I put too much faith in a process that results in a fair outcome for all. I tend to believe that ethical decisions are produced by the application of a fair system despite the fact that equal access for all isn’t always attainable resulting in unfair treatment.