Everyday health care workers around the world are faced with tough decisions. The law guides many decisions but some decisions require ethical considerations. Making good ethical decisions is not always as easy as it seems. Making ethical decisions is even harder when the primary intention is to be helpful, but it is beyond an employee’s qualifications. All healthcare professionals need to pay attention to the wishes of their patients.
In addition to the general risks of surgery, there's always the possibility of issues arising due to anesthesia. In some ways, cosmetic surgery can be more challenging if the patient doesn't tolerate general anesthesia. Many of these procedures are done in surgery centers or in an operating suite in the physician's office. For most patients, this isn't a serious concern. But for the patient who becomes critically ill during surgery, being in a facility with an ICU and extensive resources for the very sick patient can make a tremendous difference in the outcome.
In these circumstances, medication is the main source of relief and should be taken regularly-not just when pain occurs. Alternative methods of relieving pain and other symptoms can help to relieve discomfort, such as gently massaging cream or oil into the hands and feet (Swann, 2011). There is no known cure for rheumatoid arthritis. Many people turn to alternative therapies to try and alleviate some of the symptoms, but it is extremely important that they complement not replace conventional care. Some of the alternative therapies that people will try are massage, meditation, tai chi and acupuncture.
SSRI's are doctor prescribed medications designed to affect the neurotransmitter serotonin which regulates a person’s mood, anxiety levels, appetite and other bodily functions. Due to the fact that SSRI's control such vital mechanisms in the body, medication levels must be carefully customized to individual needs. Currently there are only two FDA approved medications for PTSD, Sertraline commonly known as Zoloft and Paroxetine better known as Paxil. Often times, victims of PTSD shy away from the medications available fearing dependence and, more notably, the common side effects of the medications. Both Zoloft and Paxil hold common side effects that include: anxiety, constipation, decreased sexual desire or ability, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea, nervousness, upset stomach, tiredness, trouble sleeping, vomiting, and weight
The events that cause stress are called stressors and can be either internal or external events. Stressors can include external experiences such as catastrophes, major life changes and hassles. A catastrophe is an unpredictable event that happens on a large scale such as a tornado or flood. Catastrophes are one cause of an anxiety disorder known as Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) in which an individual has recurring nightmares, sleep disturbances, and flashbacks of the event. When the symptoms of ASD last for more than one month, the disorder is then called Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
Another reason why the drugs are being abused is because patients and non patients are taking more than what they are prescribed for. Drug abuser's stay in denial when they are addicted to the pain medication. For the patients that want more medication, has to go to other doctors to get the medications. Which is called doctor shopping. To do this the patient can not
The APS recognized that VOC episodes have been poorly managed as often times these patients arrive at emergency rooms for treatment they receive little consideration for the complexity of their pain. They are classified as drug seekers and manipulators by the medical staff with whom they must entrust their care. This grave injustice within the healthcare system is detrimental to those with SCD, leading to more pain, stress and disabilities in relation to their condition. Search Strategy A literature review was carried out to examine the barriers to adequate pain management of VOC’s in patients with SCD. The databases searched were CINAHL, OVID and EBSCO, using the terms ‘sickle cell’, ‘pain’, ‘barriers’, ‘ethnicity’ and ‘disparities’.
In this paper, I explore the signs and symptoms of acute stress disorder and acute stress reactions, coping skills, treatment of, and if having a child with cancer can lead to one of these disorders. Introduction Everyone experiences some type of stress throughout his or her life. The loss of a job, divorce, becoming a victim of crime, and getting married are all examples of stressful experiences. Although the aforementioned events are stressful, having a child with cancer has a devastating effect on both the child with cancer and his or her family members. Parents of a child with cancer are affected emotionally, physically, financially, and spiritually (Fletcher, 2010).
Perhaps Rosenhan was being too hard on psychiatric hospitals, especially when it is important for them to play safe in their diagnosis of abnormality because there is always an outcry when a patient is let out of psychiatric care and gets into trouble. If you were to go to the doctors complaining of stomach aches how would you expect to be treated? Doctors and psychiatrists are more likely to make a type two error (that is, more likely to call a healthy person sick) than a type one error (that is, diagnosing a sick person as healthy) When Rosenhan did his study the psychiatric classification in use was DSM-II. However, since then a new classification has been introduced which was to address itself largely to the whole problem of unreliability - especially unclear criteria. It is argued that
Writing Assignment: Stages of Stress Response Write a 300- to 500-word essay. Think of an example of a stressful incident or series of events in your life or someone that you know. Relate these events to the three stages of the stress response. Be specific in explaining the physical effect the stress was having in each stage. Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe University of Washington School of Medicine, develop a scale which is used by many psychologists and therapists to determine your level of stress, based on the most stressful life events that you have had, during the past year.