“Osteoarthritis occurs most often in older people. Younger people sometimes get osteoarthritis primarily from joint injuries”, ((NIAMS), 2012). The joints can also be damaged from an earlier accident and causes OA. When OA occur the Cartilage wears thin and the bones begin to rub together. When this happen bony spurs begin to develop.
However, a gradual reduction of blood flow can cause angina and shortness of breath. If the artery becomes completely blocked, a myocardial infarction (MI) can occur. This can result in permanent damage to the heart. It is possible to have a MI without experiencing any symptoms. Although the causes of atherosclerosis are unknown, there are certain risk factors linked to its development.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85n3qdr6Kd4 Osteoporosis 1. What is osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is defined as a condition of weak bone, which is due to loss of bone mass, Minerals (Ex: Calcium. Phosphate) as well as change in bone architectures. It is a common silent disease that affects both sexes normally as they are aging.
Subject A Skeletal system With the life style of subject A having no meaningful exercise since leaving school at 18, because of this the effect on the skeletal system would mean that their bones would become more fragile and weak. Also because of the lack of exercise there would be loss of bone density and this may give them a risk of osteoporosis, this is a disease of the bone. It means their bones become weak and are more likely to break. Even when running or walking these would put force through the bones like the tibia and the femur, the body will respond by laying down more cartilage and calcium in the bone to strength them but if they put too much force on the bones when you have not done any real exercise since they left school there would be a higher risk that the bones would break more. Subject B skeletal system Comparing the life style to subject A subject B would have a less of a chance of bones breaking and because of the life style of subject B and of all the exercise that they do subject B’s bone density will increase and this would keep happening when continuing exercise regularly.
This is all linked through psychological changes and how the individual copes with elderly life. Physical changes- As people age there are many changes that mainly happen to the appearance of the person such as wrinkles, skin becoming thinner and less elastic. However changes also happen within the body like bones becoming less dense and more likely to break or fracture joints also become stiffer which causes bones to become thinner. The physical height of a person will decrease the cartilage between bones and joints will deteriorate which causes the leg joints and backbone to become compressed. Women are more at risk of having decreased bone strength due to the lack of oestrogen following the menopause.
Over time, the body will wear and your bones could fracture, so the body counteracts by creating new bone in place of the old broken bone. This relates to osteoporosis, which is what happens when a bone fractures but can’t repair it the correct way so it takes much longer to heal and can cause massive amounts of pain. 3. Name the 6 types of synovial joints and explain how the structure relates to the function in the body. Gliding joints- Allow smooth movement in all directions along a plane or smooth surface.
Sarcopenia in the Elderly The primary focus of this paper will be on the age-related changes in muscle that are part of the condition known as Sarcopenia, the consequences of the disease, and the therapeutic interventions to treat patients with Sarcopenia. “Sarcopenia is the decline of skeletal muscle mass that is common among people over 65” (Ferrini, 2008). The term Sarcopenia is derived from the Greek root words, sarx meaning “flesh” and penia meaning “loss” (Liew, 2003). The age-related changes in muscles that lead to this condition are often treatable. Avoidance or lessening of Sarcopenia can lead to functional independence for older people, reduced need for assisted living, and an increased overall quality of life.
As result, they often have short-term and long-term memory problems, as well as alterations of sensory and cognitive function. This is very challenging when it come to assessing the pain. Also, Many older adult clients have chronic conditions such as arthritis or diabetic neuropathic, in which pain is a daily occurrence and affects quality of life. And there are other conditions that required special attention when pain is assess, for example in dementia patients, because they may not be able to express themselves due to their decline ability to communicate the pain symptoms as clearly as a healthy individual. To remediate this issue, many researches have been done to find the best methods to better assess pain in elderly population.
Sprains Sprains can be a painful injury that can affect the ligament by being over stretched or torn. Ligaments connect your bones together. The ankle, knee, and wrist are the most common injury. The way a person gets a sprain is by the ligament getting stretched too far from their normal position. The purpose of having them is to keep your skeleton in its normal alignment.
Treating Multiple Sclerosis with Exercise Abstract Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease affecting the central nervous system, making up the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. MS is a chronic disease and is often disabling; hindering patients’ ability to live a pain free, active life. Symptoms are sporadic and can either be mild or severe and vary widely with each person. There is currently not a cure for multiple sclerosis, but strategies and medications that alleviate symptoms associated with this disease. Although there are diverse studies/medical opinions on what is most effective in terms of treatment, exercise is one most preferred for MS patients.