The Agriculture Development of the Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews By Me For OIT Humanities 147 July 12, 2013 Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews have given many different contributions to the world of agriculture today. They all have their own different ways of growing food, for centuries ancient Egyptian civilization flourished in isolation from the rest of the civilizations. Before civilization there were hunters and gatherers. Around 10,000 B.C. many hunters and gatherers lived along the coastal plains of modern Syria and Israel and in the valleys and hills near the Zagros Mountains (Kreis 2013).
The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations (living in Mexico and Central America) while the Incas lived in South America. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The Mayans are credited for the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. All three were great civilizations. The Mayans made several breakthroughs in these fields.
The people of the Americas all had unique characteristics because of their environment. There were the Mayas, the Incas, the Aztecs, and the Anasazi. The Maya were a tribe far to the East of Mexico. They had a polytheistic religion which had the same characteristics of gods that the nearby cultures had. There was a supreme god, Itzama, and the rest of gods were ranked in importance.
2008 SPARTAN SOCIETY HSC SECTION 2 (a) Name TWO natural resources of Sparta. (2 marks) The farmland of the Laconian valley produced a range of crops including wheat, barley, grapes, olives and figs. Gytheon, the Spartan port, provided fish and shellfish. The main mineral resource was iron ore, which was used in the manufacture of bronze. Lead was also mined.
This common toxin can be found in gardens and wild areas around the world and is wildly grown for the oil it produces. It can be in the form of a powder, mist and can be dissolved in water. As a result, ricin can be used as a biological weapon of mass destruction. Ricin is a plant that originally came from northeast Africa and made it’s way to America in the 16th century. Its seeds are extremely viable and germinate easily in any soil so that the plant has adapted to tropical as well as sub-tropical regions all over the world.
AP UNITED STATES HISTORY Question 1: Describe the Aztec civilization and the effect that European conquest had on it. While the Aztecs shaped a sophisticated civilization with advanced agricultural practices, elaborate cities, talented mathematicians, sacrificial religious rituals, and far-flung commerce, European conquest brought negative things like death, along with positive things such as animals, language, and laws. The Aztecs based their agriculture primarily on the cultivation of the Indian corn, maize, which fed huge populations. Even though they didn’t rely on large draft animals like horses and oxen, and didn’t have the invention of the wheel, these people were able to create complex cities and carry commerce to great lengths. Also, some of their people were talented mathematicians that made extremely accurate astronomical observations.
The Mayans invented writing and they made great advances in astronomy and mathematics. It is understood that many Mayan people were very smart and they went on to live life in some advanced ways. People of the Mayan decent practiced slash and burn agriculture, they cut down an area of forest and burned the trees. They Mayans planted crops in May and harvested them in November, and when the soil would lose its fertility, the farmers would then 'slash and burn' another part of the forest. This leads me to say one reason they were highly civilized is due to their intelligence as farmers.
B) Three supporting details and document numbers 1) As shown in document 10, the Aztecs had a steady flow of goods from conquered city/states. 2) As depicted in document 8, the Aztecs devised a genius irrigation system called chinamps where they had just thousands of little islands of harvest. 3) As shown in document 9, everyone had a role to play in the harvesting and making of food, the men had their picking of the harvest, and the woman of the making of the corn in to many other foods. IV. Support Paragraph #3: Sacrifice A) Aztecs would sacrifice thousands a month for rituals.
The Mayan civilization occupied a relatively large part of Mesoamerica This area is geographically varied, ranging from volcanic mountains to limestone, to rainforests. Often, these extremely varied geographic areas are divided into areas known as the Highlands, and the Lowlands, both important to the presence of trade in the Mayan civilization. The lowlands were a beautiful location, surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico to the north and west, and on the east was the Caribbean Sea. This was an area that was essential in the planting and production of crops such as maize, squash, beans, cotton, and sisal. As you can believe, the lowlands climate was very warm, and even in Rain season provided little rain.