Literacy allowed them to conquer foreign lands easily because through writing, they could now have maps, sailing directions, and descriptive reports of previous sailors which would improve their experience. Diamond connects this growth in literacy to the reason behind Europe’s successful colonial power. This is the main reason why they were able to travel, find new places and therefore conquer because Europeans felt they were more superior and advanced because they had literacy. Diamond also talks about the three types of writing which were logogram, syllabary and alphabet. Logogram stood for a word, syllabary was for a syllable and alphabet was for a basic writing.
He took his first voyage across that Atlantic which almost led to death. Columbus also began a new voyage with the Santa Maria, Piñata, and Nina. He also mastered the currents of the Atlantic, thinking they flowed for east to west. Columbus’s last voyage was sailed in 1502.
Christopher Columbus’ I have determined to a reliable narrator due to the fact that he was an experienced voyager of the sea as described in his history where it is mentioned that “His series of four voyages between 1492 and 1504 …… “. In the two letters he addressed, the first letter (the letter to “Luis de Santangel”) regarding the first Voyage and the second letter (the letter to Ferdinand and Isabella) regarding the fourth Voyage I can see many similarities and differences. The letters show much similarities and differences in the description of the surroundings such as vegetation and location. But there are also major differences such as the tone set for both letters. In the first Letter Christopher Columbus demonstrates a passionate tone providing a greater value to his accountability and reliability to his letters.
He had always wanted to sail the open seas and explore and he did in fact that. Columbus had a lot of impact on the early explorers is successful journeys. If it wasn’t for him I wonder if anyone would have had the curiosity to travel or explore the “New World” or “America” as we call it today. All this research makes you ask yourself all these questions, like if we would have the freedom we have today, would anyone from Europe would have traveled to “America”? These are all the questions that have come to my
How Ironclads Changed Naval Warfare On March 9, 1862, a revolutionary battle took place in Hampton Roads, a natural harbor surrounding Norfolk, Virginia. This would be the first fight of it’s kind, involving weapons that had not seen battle before. This was, of course, a battle of ironclad warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Merrimack. These ships were not the first of their kind. The French Navy had completed an ironclad, La Gloire, in 1859, and The British Royal Navy had completed their own ship, Warrior, in 1860.
It connected Philadelphia with rich farm lands in Lancaster. Because of the success of the turnpike, other states were more inclined to do the same. Cumberland Road was built which connected Maryland to Illinois. Canals impacted the US as well. In 1825 the Eerie Canal was opened starting in Albany by the Hudson River to Buffalo (Great Lakes).
Europeans had dreamed of a Central American canal as early as the 16th century. The construction of the canal was important to reduce time and distance traveled between Pacific and the Atlantic so that ships would not have to travel double the distance through Cape Horn. According to the film from the PBS website about the Panama Canal, the French government had attempted to construct the canal
Western Europe’s expansion of Atlantic trade, through exploration and colonization, not only improved their own economy, but also the economy of America, through sharing new trade products and crops as well as beginning the slave trade. Western Europe began exploring other parts of the world around the mid-1400s. They first started out with primarily explorers from Portugal and Spain. Some of these people were Christopher Columbus, Francisco
He became a captain in the Royal navy. James Cook detailed maps of Newfound Land. He was the first European to arrive on the east coast of Australia and Hawaii Islands. James Cook was the first person to travel all the way around to New Zealand. Cooks first journey was in 1768 and his objective was to observe the plant Venus as it passed between the earth and the sun – this observation would help astronomers to calculate the distance of the sun from earth, he also hoped to find the southern continent.
Before he could set out on his voyage, Columbus first needed financial support to aid his campaign. He approached King John II of Portugal in 1485 with his idea. He asked for the King to equip three strong vessels and give his one year to sail the Atlantic Ocean to find Asia via a westerly route. He also requested to be made “Great Admiral of the Ocean” which gave his authority and allowed him to govern any and all the lands he discovers while at sea, and forfeit one-tenth of the profit to the