Rome’s emperors contradicted each other many times in history, not the least of which on the topic of Christianity. ``Some of the Roman emperors persecuted the Christians and murdered them but then Constantine came around and adopted it as Rome’s religion`` (Source: Oxford dictionary of the Christian Church). The way the different emperors of Rome jumped between religions made their citizens have less faith in them and not letting the citizens not know what to belief in destroyed unity in Rome. The adoption of Christianity disconnected the falling Western Roman Empire further from the thriving Byzantine Empire (Source: history-world.org/churchseperate.htm). This is significant because the Romans could have learned a lot from the Byzantine.
The Czars were afraid of losing power so they created laws to persecute the Jews as well. In the middle of all these years was the fact that the nobility and the peasants were on both sides of the hatred of the Jews. When Paul saw the complete rejection of Christianity by the Jews, he was livid and that anger turned to hatred (Schloss, p. 89). This is really just an egotistical person unable to deal with rejection. The first crusade is another case where a power hungry pope decided to wage war in order to unite all to obey him.
Constantine legalized Christianity after he said he saw a cross before a battle. The legalization of Christianity allowed the Roman Empire to change from a polytheistic state to a monotheistic state. During the post classical period, Europe changed culturally. Because the Roman Empire was split into the west and the east, they were not culturally unified. The east side was able to read and write while the west was not able to.
This act of treason meant that anyone who disagreed with the break with Rome would be executed due to heresy. Therefore, it seems as though Henry did not fully accept the protestant beliefs, because he killed Tyndale for spreading them. And if the King could not fully accept the new Protestant religion, then how was the rest of England expected to? Therefore, this leads to the conclusion that Protestantism made only limited gains in England, due to the fact that it was not as accepted as Catholicism was. The idea shown in source 7 of Henry not being able to fully separate himself from his catholic beliefs is further back up by the evidence found in source 8.
The gods believed that they were so intolerable that they express that, “sleep is no longer possible by reason of babel” (“Gilgamesh, The Flood Story” 23). The gods believed them to be loud and pesky, and found no solution fitting other than termination through inundation. The Bible’s account of the reasoning for the flood is much more in-depth and has a more deeply rooted meaning. God saw that there was evil in man’s heart, and He knew that to fix this problem meant to abolish man. While the Sumerian gods believed that people were pests, the Christian God believed people were becoming naturally evil.
While figures such as Louis IX and Jean de Joinville were motivated by the actions of their predecessors, further Christians felt compelled to join the crusading movement as they believed in the idea of the crusade as a ‘penance rewarded by the indulgence.’ The political climate of Western Europe in 1245 did not, however, favour the implementation of a new crusade. While Italy and Germany were torn by the conflict which existed between the emperor and the pope, King Henry III of England and his barons were tied up in a
Simony was the buying and selling of anything considered spiritual (Miller 15). He believed that the appointments of church leaders by kings, in this case Henry IV, was an act of simony because the men that the kings were closest to were granted offices. Pope Gregory VII felt that this was a heresy in the church and the ability to appoint men to high positions should be stripped of the kings and emperors powers. During the reform, the holiness of kings was more directly attacked by the reformers who insisted that kings were only men, like all men (Miller 5) which helped Gregory VII find a backing for his revolt against the
The negative and deadly effects of the discovery of the Americas were undoubtedly costly to civilizations and worlds, as I will state in the following paragraphs. “… Faith in Christ had spread over the entire earth through… the Apostles:” (Guicciardini Document 1). This brought wide spread confusion and negative outlook on the wave of voyagers to civilization. Europeans and Italians, who were leaving their homeland going to the new land, said they would spread Christianity to the worlds. This statement contradicted that the Apostles were supposed to spread the Christian faith across the world not by voyagers and shouldn’t be done by them.
It was also seemed as opposition to roman rule. So then rulers also used Christians as scapegoats for political and economic troubles. For example the emperor Nero was blamed for a disastrous fire in Rome, he said Christians were responsible fire in Rome and were ordered to be persecuted. The emperors after Nero did not continue the persecution. Later on as the pax romana began to crumble the romans executed Christians for refusing to worship roman gods.
Near the end the 11th century, a major problem plagued the Christian people. The widely detested Muslims ruled the Eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea and posed many threats directed at the safety of Christian pilgrims, the existence of churches, and the Christian sanctity upon the Holy Land. Surely a fact that tortured Christians for they believed Jerusalem to be “the center of the world, the spot on Earth on which God himself had focused when he chose to redeem mankind by intervening in history” (Riley-Smith, Idea 21). The wrongdoing felt by Christians continued until the tolerance finally reached a boiling point and the leader of the Roman Catholic Church promised to take action. A conquest to restore peace to Christian pilgrims and liberate Jerusalem and its surroundings would soon go underway.