Christianity in Rome Essay

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Christianity in Rome In Rome, emperors argued over the nature of Christ, which prolonged the integration of Christianity into the Roman Empire (118). As a result, Constantine called a meeting with the first “ecumenical” council, which included representatives of the world (118). Leading to the creation of the Council of Nicaea, which was a huge impact on the appeal of Christianity in Rome. Although many Romans were suspicious of the new religion which delayed full conversion, Christianity appealed to Roman authorities in the fourth century because of the uniformity it brought to the Roman religion. Fearing change, conservative Romans looked suspiciously at any religious advancement (Sherman 114). Romans feared converting to Christianity because Christians included the poor, slaves, and women as equals in their congregations, which violated the traditional Roman social order (Sherman 115). Traditional Romans also did not want to upset the Gods that they had previously been worshipping; they found rejection of their old gods difficult, leaving Romans hesitant of switching religions to Christianity (Sherman 115). Many authorities chose to harass Christians, while others simply just ignored the new religion (Sherman 115). In the late fourth century Theodosius I enforced the final movement toward Christianity (Sherman 116). He outlawed the public worship of the old Roman cults; as a result, Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Emperor (Sherman 116). The adoption of the imperial religion took so long because Rome needed a ruler who supported Christianity like Constantine did. A major reason for the adoption of Christian was Constantine’s vigorous support of the church. Another crucial part of Christianity, which appealed to Roman authorities, was the uniformity that Christianity brought to the Roman Empire. The Council of Nicaea enforced the
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