Cholesterol Essay

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Cholesterol the good, the bad, the ugly Megan Holloway Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology SC121 Instructor: Eric D. Steelman, DHSc(c), MPH, MS, RLATG A course assignment presented to Kaplan University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the SC121 curriculum June 23, 2014 Cholesterol the good, the bad, the ugly Introduction Name the substance your body manufactures that is an essential part of every cell in your body and is used to produce hormones and vitamin D. It sounds like a dirty word, but in the right amounts it helps your body function. It’s called Cholesterol. There are several types of Cholesterol along with lipids. Lipids are a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, and fat soluble vitamins. In this paper I will discuss and answer many questions concerning Cholesterol and lipids. Lipids There are many different types on lipids. Fatty acids, Triglycerides, Phospholipids, and Steroids are 4 types on lipids. Fatty acids are one of the most important grounds of lipids and they can be described as saturated or unsaturated. Triglycerides are a glycerol molecule that has been esterified with three fatty acids. What this means is that a molecule of glycerol has undergone a condensation reaction with three fatty acids molecules. Phospholipids are glycerol molecules that have been esterified with two fatty acids and a polar phosphate group. Steroids/Cholesterol all have the same basic structuring consisting of 4 carbon rings. Three 6 carbon rings and 1 single carbon ring. Lipids are important because they are used in the body to transport vitamins, they are essential in breaking down cholesterol, and they are used for body insulation. Lipids enable the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K to be absorbed from food and regulate cholesterol metabolism. The body can produce most of its EFA’s it

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