Choice Theory Essay

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Choice Theory with Addicted Populations A Diverse Approach for the Treatment of Addictions Introduction This book report will discuss Michael Rice’s ideas for helping addicted people using Dr. William Glasser’s approach of Choice Therapy. It will describe the Ten Axioms of Choice Theory, the needs and personality types of substance abusers, in addition to information related to applying “Choice Theory.” Discussion of Findings In order to understand Choice Theory it is important to know the “The Ten Axioms of Choice Theory.” (Rice xv - xvi) These axioms can be summarized in three points. First, people control their own behavior and even though they may receive advice or direction, how they deal with things is still their choice. Second, relationships both past and present effect who we are now. Third, each person’s behavior is based off of actions, thoughts, feelings and bodily makeup. Rice points out that each person has “Five Basic Needs: Survival, Love and Belonging, Power, Freedom, and Fun.” (29) He also points out that addicts often struggle to have all of these needs met. Survival needs are things like food, clothing and shelter. Love and belonging needs refer to our need for relationships. This is one of the most important needs because without it a person can feel as if they don’t need any people in their life and they become disconnected from society. Power needs refer to a persons need to be accepted and respected. Addicts often use drugs and alcohol to overcompensate for this need. Freedom needs refer to independence but often drug addicts do not feel free because they need friends, family and acquaintances to help them get food, shelter, and drugs. Fun is an important need in making people happy; most addicts have fun while they are drinking or getting high and forget how real fun feels like. Rice describes what he thinks are different

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