Chlamydia Psittaci: Essay

3350 WordsMar 9, 201314 Pages
Running head: CHLAMYDIA PSITTACI: THE NEW BIOWEAPON? Chlamydia psittaci: The New Bioweapon? Kirk Smith Jacksonville State University Chlamydia psittaci: The New Bioweapon? In these times of fast-past technological advances and ever-growing political strife, bioterrorism is a significant threat that is deserving of study in order to protect society as a whole. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) defines bioterrorism as “the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants.” They also state that terrorists often use these agents because they can be difficult to detect and do not cause illness until several hours to several days after initial contact (CDC, 2007). The threat of bioterrorism alone makes it imperative that researchers try to better understand the ways in which agents can be used maliciously to spread disease, infect communities, and cripple governments and societies. There are a wide variety of agents that can be utilized for such a task, and they are categorized into three distinct groups based on their ease of spread and danger to the public. Category A agents are considered high-priority and pose the highest threat to people and national security. They are easily spread between individuals, can result in high death rates, may cause public panic and social disruption, and may require special action for public health preparedness. Category B agents are the second highest priority because they are moderately easy to spread, result in moderate illness rates and low death rates, and they require specific enhancements of CDC's laboratory capacity and enhanced disease monitoring. Category C agents include emerging pathogens that could be engineered for mass spread in the future. They are easily available, they are easily produced and

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