Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business
Motivation: Chinese theoretical perspectives
Brenda Geren New York Institute of Technology Bahrain ABSTRACT Because of the growth in its economy and the open door policy of the People’s Republic of China, motivation studies within China are important. While some studies suggest that the management styles of Chinese organizations will be changing towards Western methods of management, how these changes will occur at the cultural level needs to be explored. This paper explores various motivation theories in the historical context of the Chinese workforce. KEYWORDS Motivation Theories, Maslow, McGregor, Chinese Human Resource Management/History
Motivation Chinese perspectives, Page 1
Journal of Behavioral Studies in Business THE DILEMMA OF MOTIVATION Motivation has been recognized as a dilemma that managers must face because what motivates one individual may not motivate another. Another complication of motivation theories is that the theories were developed in the West, primarily the U.S. and Great Britain. The theories may be based upon Western cultural situations that do not necessarily apply to the rest of the world (Triandis, 1995; Hofstede, 1999; Adler, 2008; Robbins & Judge, 2008; McKenna, Richardson, Singh, & Xu, 2010). Motivation is defined as the force or forces that arouse enthusiasm and persistence to pursue a certain course of action (Daft & Marcic, 2008). Motivation, derived from the Latin word meaning “to move” represents those psychological goal directed processes (Kreitner & Kinicki, 2007). Needs, values, attitudes, interest, and abilities differ in each individual (Dessler, 2008; Hellriegel & Slocum, 1996). Attitude, an important concept in motivation, is defined as a response to objects, people, or events in either a positive or negative way (Dessler, 2008, Robbins & Judge, 2008). As Child’s (1981) organizational research across various cultures revealed, organizations globally are growing more...