Source A and B are similar in hailing Qui Shihuang as a great ruler and unifier of China and as a harsh ruler who administered severe punishments on those who broke the law and those who pose a threat to his rule. However both sources differ in their emphasis and opinion of Qui Shihuang rule. Both sources, A and B are very similar in their descriptions of Qin Shi Huang. as a powerful and effective ruler who brought about many positive changes to China. Source A mentions about Qui Shihuang introducing laws uniformly throughout China and adopting a single script of writing unifying the people throughout his empire.
CCOT Changes in Continuities in China Analyze the changes and continuities within China during the time period from 1850 B.C.E to 220 C.E During the time period 1850 B.C.E to 220 C.E China had many great innovations, great empires, and great philosophical leaders. Some of these things include the invention of creating steel and molding steel to decrease the time it took to create things which allowed China to excel greatly beyond other countries. Other idealisms such as Religions Buddhism, Hinduism, and lifestyles such as Confucianism which promoted Nonviolence, and respect for one another. China had great warfare within itself during the Warring States period however once united it became a country who outperformed all other nations. The first structured dynasty of china the Shang created the structure for Chinese political and administrative formulation which was slightly altered but not greatly changed when the Zhou dynasty took over in 1027 B.C.E some of the Shang ideology’s we’re altered to match the Zhou’s but many we’re kept the same to appease the citizens.
The advancements of ancient China have had one of the largest impacts on the world. One of these advancements still used constantly throughout the world today is gunpowder. In ancient China, an alchemist was a man whom spent his life trying to discover the secret of immortality through experimentations involving the elements (Echoes from the Past 355). It was during one of such experiments that Sun Si Miao, a renowned alchemist, stumbled upon gunpowder (Echoes from the Past 356). The newly discovered gunpowder was first applied to scaring off wild animals (Echoes from the Past 356).
In addition, Hook devised one of the best microscopes of his time – the worlds first compound microscope complete with iris diaphragm and illumination. With his compound microscope he studied many object none more important than cork. While looking at the tissues of cork he discovered the cells in plants. Hooke also reported seeing similar structures in wood and in other plants. Robert Hooke's most famous scientific work was his book Micrographia, which he published in 1665.
of Confucianism Scholar-Gentry class filled most of the high gov’t positions & oversaw a vast bureaucracy in an arrangement that was to cont. in later cent. Established regional hegemony (control) over East Asia through military prowess and the reestablishment of a tributary system (payment by subjects) Chinese called their empire the middle kingdom because they saw themselves as central to the world around them goods delivered to Tang court by envoys from tributary states kowtow- a deep bow before the emperor in which the forehead touches the ground Economic Changed and Social Distinctions Equal field system- restricted inheritance of land When a farmer died, his land went to the gov’t and was allotted to individuals and their families according to the fertility of the land and needs of the people 1/5 of the land remained under hereditary control and rest was available for redistribution not only checked the power of the aristocrats but very much improved the lot of the average peasant making them much
he Tang dynasty was famous for the Woodblock printing, The Art, and the making of Gunpowder of the Tang dynasty (600-900 CE). The person responsible for this was Emperor Xianzong. They have had many great inventions. But the three main ones were gunpowder, art, and woodblock printing. One achievement of the tang dynasty was there wood block printing.
Mirabai - One of India's most beloved Bhakti poets (1498-1547), she helped break down the barriers of caste and tradition. SIr Issac Newton - English natural scientist (1643-1727) whose formation of the laws of motion and mechanics is regarded s the culmination of the Scientific Revolution. Protestant Reformation - Massive schism within Christianity that had its formal beginning in 1517 with the German priest Martin Luther; while the leaders of the movement claimed that they sought to "reform" a Church that had fallen from biblical practice, in reality the movement was radically innovative in its challenge to Church authority and its endorsement of salvation "by faith alone." Sikhism - Religious tradition of northern India founded by Guru Nanak Ca. 1500; combines elements of Hinduism and Islam and proclaims the brotherhood of all humans and the equality of men and women.
The legend of the Chinese dragon: In ancient days the Chinese dragon was regarded as a sacred animal, and it used to be the imperial sign of Chinese lords and emperors. It is the first of the four mythical Creatures to Chinese the others are the unicorn, the phoenix and the tortoise (not so mythical). Unlike the “evil” dragon of the West, the Chinese Dragon is a beneficent and gracious creature and is worshipped as the great ruler of Lakes, Rivers and Seas. It is the powerful yet gentle dragon that brings rain to the earth, hastens the crops and cools the toiling framer. It is one of the most popular of Chinese art motifs, being sculptured on stone pillars of Chinese temples and embroidered on beautiful gold and silk tapestries.
‘In the article “Science in Traditional China”, Joseph Needham expressed his views on how (i) the Chinese life-style, (ii) the Chinese society system and (iii) the Chinese philosophy enhanced or inhibited the advancement of science and technology in ancient China. Do you agree with his assertion? * P.9 Mediaeval world science closely tied to their ethnic environment * P.10 Chinese maths was deeply algebraic * P.10 Chinese were persistent and accurate observers of celestial phenomena * P.10 Mapped the cosmology using modern coordinates * Used by radio astronomers nowadays * Led to development of astronomical instruments (equatorial mounting & clock drive) * P.12 Hydraulic engine: * Prominent ∵ Necessity to control waterways and to develop river conservation, floods and droughts, agri activities etc. * P.11 Chinese physics theory (optics, acoustics & magnetism) based on continuity * Ideas of universal motion in a continuous medium, action at a distance, And wave motions of the Yin & Yang. * P.11 Mech.