China Essay

1425 WordsOct 2, 20116 Pages
China i/ˈtʃaɪnə/ (Chinese: 中国/中华; pinyin: Zhōngguó/Zhōnghuá; see also Names of China), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is the most populous state in the world, with over 1.339 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles). It is the world's second-largest country by land area,[14] and the third- or fourth-largest in total area, depending on the definition of total area.[15] The People's Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China (CPC).[16] The PRC exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directlycontrolled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two largely self-governing[17] former European colonies, Hong Kong and Macau, as special administrative regions (SARs). Its capital city is Beijing.[18] The PRC also claims as a 23rd province the island of Taiwan, which is controlled by the Government of Republic of China (ROC). This claim of Taiwan is controversial and related to the complex political status of Taiwan and the unresolved Chinese Civil War. China’s landscape is vast and diverse, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests in the wetter south near Southeast Asia. The terrain of western China is rugged and elevated, with the towering Himalaya, Karakorum, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain separating China from South and Central Asia. The world’s apex, Mt. Everest (8,848 m) and the second-highest point, K2 (8,611 m) lie on China's borders, respectively, with Nepal and Pakistan. The country’s lowest and the world’s third-lowest point, Lake Ayding (-154 m), is located in the Turpan Depression. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, flow from the

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