China Ccot (Continuities & Changes over Time) 100-600ce Cultural & Political

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China: CCOT Essay 100 CE – 600 CE In the 1st century, China had recovered into the Later Han dynasty within two years after Wang Mang’s failed rule. Although they regained control of the centralized administration and reorganized the state bureaucracy, the Later Han emperors were not able to maintain peace between various groups. Between 100-600 C.E., China experienced the collapse and eventually a reestablishment of political control, while the main religion of the state converted from Confucianism to Buddhism. By 100 C.E., China was already losing its ability to maintain order. This was mainly due to the economic pressure caused by land distribution between social classes. The large landowners were gaining even more power and influence in government, while the peasants were being more and more burdened by labor and money. The desperate peasants rebelled, such as in the Yellow Turban rebellion in 184 C.E. Although the Later Han dynasty possessed the military power required to keep civil disorder under reasonable control, rebellions by the Yellow Turbans and others weakened the Han state during the 2nd and 3rd centuries C.E. Furthermore, the Later Han emperors were unable to prevent the development of factions at court that paralyzed the central government. Factions within the ranks of the ruling elites sought to increase their influence, protect their own interests, and destroy their rivals. On several occasions in the 2nd century, relations between the various factions became so strained that they made war against each other. Because of these unmeasured violence, the Later Han dynasty reached a point of internal weakness from which it could not easily recover. In fact, in 220 C.E., the central government disintegrated, and for almost 4 centuries China remained divided into 3 large regional kingdoms. China was disunited for such a long time mostly because the

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