To what extent was the deterioration in Sino-soviet relations in the years 1958-69 due to personal rivalries? Tensions between China and Russia had long existed but the foreign policy of the People’s Republic of China had produced a profound shift in the dynamics of the cold war. From a position of greatly strengthening the power and position of the communist bloc in the period from 1949 to 1956, China had by 1972, split irrevocably with the USSR and brought about a rapprochement with its former enemy the USA. Although this change seemed on the face of it to be a dramatic turn, it was largely the result of continuity in Chinese foreign policy; the desire to protect Chinese national security against foreign powers. The change in Chinese policy was to shatter the perception of a bipolar world that existed since the beginning of the cold war.
Keeping Secrets Secret Over an extensive sixty year reign, Qian Long ruled China for much of the 18th century; the last era in which China was strong enough to disregard foreign influence. During this period, Qian Long received many pleas from external powers attempting to penetrate his powerful and mysterious kingdom. In a letter to King George III of Britain, the Emperor refused European wishes to infiltrate Chinese boarders. In addressing the King he exclaims, “As to your entreaty to send one of your nationals to be accredited to my Celestial Court and to be in control of your country's trade with China, this request is contrary to all usage of my dynasty and cannot possibly be entertained.” Despite the King’s urges to imbed an envoy in China to control European/Chinese trade, Qian Long gives many reasons why such things cannot, and will not, happen. Through examining the letter sent to King George III, it appears as though Qian Long is attempting to minimize his subjects’ exposure to foreign influences.
The second outcome of the revolutions was that the countries were dramatically changed, two great powers were stopped and communist leaders eventually took over in the two countries. Russia and China both shared similar goals in that they both wanted a new form of government and leadership. Russia’s ruler was Tsar Nicholas II which ruled Russia for more than three centuries. China’s ruling dynasty was the Qing Dynasty. Tsar Nicholas II wasn’t much of a good ruler for Russia; he ignored the fact that Russia wasn’t doing so good and overlooked the industrialization and nationalism that was occurring throughout Russia.
The Romans and Chinese’s religion differed in that Romans believed in Christianity while the Chinese believed in Confucianism. Their religious views both were the same because they brought peace and harmony to each of the different Empires. These are the comparisons and contrasts that I will be talking about in this following paragraphs. The Roman’s and Chinese’s fall of Empires came at very different times while Western Roman fell around 476 B.C while the Han Dynasty fell at 220 B.C.E. Romulus Augustus was the last Emperor before the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, while in China, Emperor Xian was the ruler at the time of the collapse.
As the Cold War continued, the American public grew discontent with the handling of the disputes . They grew restless of the ongoing conflict and the injustices that were being committed by the American military towards these countries and the abuse that our American troops were experiencing at home. The Civil Rights movement again saw this as an opportunity to insert their agenda along with other injustices into the national picture. With the sentiment swaying against the established institution it was easier to gain public support for civil rights. The Cold War was fought to end the oppression and maltreatment of other countries citizens.
1.The United States was very reluctant to intervene in both World Wars. With the global nature of World War 2, the U.S. became interested in global politics. After WWII, the Soviet leadership refused to introduce free elections despite promising to. In Asia, China fell to the Communists in 1949, and the Korean War raged on for 3 years. After major losses by French forces in Vietnam, U.S. became involved in trying to ensure the success of the non-communist South Vietnamese government.
In China, the United States spent very large amounts of money supporting the nationals against communist leader Mao Zedong, an effort that failed. In 1949, the People’s Republic of China, a communist nation, was established. April of 1975 was another Southeast Asian failure, when the communists under leader Ho Chi Minh took over Vietnam and re-created a communist state. Over the course of those thirty years after WWII, The United States tried its hardest to contain communism. We joined forces with other nations in that effort, an effort that was mostly successful in Europe.
Americans felt that since they had no representation in Parliament, and that there were decisions being made for them without proper representation, that they were slaves to the forceful word of the British crown. Even some countrymen in Great Britain felt that the Americans were being treated unfairly. Lord Camden believed that Americans were not being given their natural born rights as men. “My position is this – I repeat it – I will maintain it to my last hour, - taxation and representation are inseparable: - this position is founded on the laws of nature,” (pg.95, Major Problems in the Era of the American Revolution, Brown). It seems there was a miscommunication, because Britain was treating the Americans different from other British and also wanted to keep major control in anyway, like restricting trade from any other country (like France and Spain).
Carlos Turcios Turcios1 Professor Lenerville Political Science 2 7 December 2012 Compare and Contrast: China & United States Government The Governments of China and the U.S share some similarities, although they have many differences as well. Both governments reflect their way of life for each country, they both include higher expectations,and both governments feel that their current system is the best government for their respective country. Both societies originated in different times, that adds to the difference in their in their lifestyle and culture. Distinctness between both cultures governments are also obvious, the main one being China having a single political party as opposed to the United States having two main political
Eventually, nationalistic movements in these countries rose up in an attempt to get rid of foreign influence and gain independence. China was considered to be within the sphere of British influence. Britain never completely controlled the Chinese government, but did influence political and economic affairs greatly. British control began to withdraw from China at the end of the 19th century, and many nationalistic movements began to arise. In 1911, the Revolutionary Alliance, led by Sun Yixian, overthrew the last Qing emperor.