China is a country that has a rich legacy of leading the world in the arts and sciences, but has faced a tremendous amount of adversity during the 19th and 20th centuries that heavily influenced their government, economy, and their overall society. Over time, China has transformed from a very autocratic socialist society that oppressed millions of their people to more of a democratic socialist society that has improved the standard of living for many of their people by focusing more on their economic development. They have been very successful expanding their global outreach and participation in international organizations, yet political controls remain tight. This paper will provide a comprehensive overview of China’s culture and society. In particular, you will find information on China’s geography, natural resources, economic development, government infrastructure, art, technology, religion, education, and family & marriage. But more importantly, I hope to provide some invaluable insights for the international businessperson that will inevitably interact with China in some form or fashion as they continue to participate extensively in the global market.
China is the world’s third largest country in terms of land mass. Moreover, China touches 5 temperature and time zones (“Background Notes,” 2005). Located in Eastern Asia, China is bordered by Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and the East China Sea. According to Rosenburg (2007), China has more neighboring countries than any other country: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
China’s vast land of 3.7 million square miles consists of topography from formidable mountains to deserted flat plains. From the world's tallest mountain to the coast, and the Taklamakan desert to the jungles of Guilin, China includes diverse landforms. The highest point is...