Benedict has suggested that in simpler pre-industrial societies there are three main differences in the ways that children are treated compared to modern western societies, claiming that responsibility is taken at an earlier age, for example Punch’s study in Bolivia found that children from around the age of 5 are expected to work. One sociologist, Aries, found the changes throughout history of childhood. Aries found evidence that children had the same values as adults, from evidence he found from paintings before the 1600 to children being shown no affection in the 1700-1800. But from the 1800 children’s rights in the work place were changed along with education, which became compulsory, and child protection laws were all changed for the better. Aries believes that we now live in a child centred society due to these changes.
These ideas fall together based on the concept of spending money leads to happiness. The documentary touches base on the fact that, while kids are taught from birth how what you buy is who you are, they are not only being marketed products but also essential values. Kids are getting older, younger and are brain washed to believe that “Happiness is never more than partial” (88). Happiness is supposed to be created from a base of what we want to become instead of you are what you buy. What you buy in our society determines your value and happiness is mistaken for satisfaction.
The Children Act 2004 introduced further changes to the way the child protection system is structured and organised in England and Wales. 1. Children Act 1989 (England and Wales)/Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995: These acts were brought in to simplify the laws to protect children and young people. These laws made it clear to all people who work with children what their duties were and how they all should work together in the event of allegations of child abuse. England and Wales produced separate documents – Working together to Safeguard Children (1999) – which highlights the duties of professionals towards children who are at risk of abuse.
2.1 & 2.2 Current policies, frameworks and influences and how they impact on the early year’s sector Children act 1989 - this is about children’s rights and always put the child rights first, this was one of the first times the Childs views were taken into account. Closely linked to UNCRC. In my setting this means that what the child says is taken into account and acted on. Children act 2004 - this is about safeguarding and is closely linked to ECM which encourages multi agency working. In my setting this is about protecting children so they come to no harm and don't suffer.
E2) describe the legal requirements that support the actions to take when it is considered a child may have special needs. Children act 1989- ‘children in need’- what does this mean? * ‘Children in need’ are the disable children for who the social services department should provide service. Special Education Needs and Disability Act 2001- what does part 1 reform? * This act strengthens the rights of children with special educational needs to be educated in mainstream schools.
1.1 Current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people We write our settings policies and procedures based on current legislation and guidelines. The Children Act 1989 was put in place to ensure that children are safeguarded and protected from harm and their welfare is paramount. It outlines the fact that children have their own rights and parents have responsibilities to their children instead of rights over them. It recognised that children have a right to be protected from harm, a right to be listened to and a right to live with parents if it is safe for them. The Protection of Children Act 1999 gave a definition to significant harm.
Setting out five outcomes and support them to be • Safe • Healthy • Enjoy and achieve • Economic well being • Positive contribution to society The children’s act changed law to protect children, and changed the laws on how to deal with issues that are to do with children. The ultimate aim is to make the United Kingdom a better and safer for children of all ages. Safeguarding vulnerable groups act 2006 The safeguarding vulnerable group’s act 2006 is a piece of legislation in the United Kingdom which was passed on the 8th November 2006. There are two lists of people who are barred from working with children and vulnerable adults. Barred individuals can be placed on one or both of the lists.
This has been introduced by the government to improve the lives of people with learning disabilities and their families and carers. This includes the rights to employment, to buy a house, to be treated as people with needs and wants that they should be encouraged to tell others about. Mental Capacity Act and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (2005). The Mental Capacity Act was introduced as a means of ensuring that everyone should be treated as able to make their own decisions until it is shown that they cannot. A lack of capacity could be because of a severe learning disability, dementia, mental health problems, a brain injury or a stroke.
s recent policy and practice failing the needs of BESD childrenIs Recent Policy And Practice Failing The Needs Of Behavioural, Emotional And Social Difficulties (BESD) Students, Therefore Putting Them At Risk Of Social Exclusion? The Special Educational needs agenda in the United Kingdom has made great leaps in the past century. Children experiencing difficulties are no longer seen as imbeciles who are uneducable to individuals who have the same rights to an education as all children, although they may need additional time and resources to be able to achieve this. These children are no longer locked away in special schools or institutions, but are educated alongside their peers wherever possible. However there does seem to be some forgotten children.
Coney Island was an escape and a business opportunity for a multitude of people. John F. Kasson’s Amusing the Millions, proves that Coney Island reflected the emerging urban industrial society, the social structure was an extreme opposite to that of the city, and the dramatic change in culture that Coney Island enhanced. The drastic comparison of Central Park to Coney Island shows how much the two have affected America, one way more extremely than the other. The civil war left millions with nothing which lead to millions working harder than ever to get the economic conditions back to normal. The creators of Coney Island worked very hard to give the perfect experience to all of their customers.