Gainesville State College
Children who are obese and overweight are a growing problem in many nations of the world. In the United States, for instance, the number of children aged six to eleven who are obese has increased from 6.5 percent in 1980 to 17 percent in 2006 (Li, 2010). These results are staggering and researchers continue to try to discover the cause. A cross-sectional study of 197 families reported that childhood obesity was most often due to the low socio-economic status of families is the most common reason children are obese (Ellen, 2009). Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory, however, argues that these children are affected from four different systems and relationships. Economic status is included in one of these four systems, but is not the whole picture when it comes to childhood obesity.
There are a number of long-term and short-term risks associated with childhood obesity. First off there are problems like physical illnesses. Youth with obesity are more likely to suffer from hypertension, cardiovascular disease, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, menstrual irregularities, female infertility, irregular ovulation, and multiple health problems (Pyle, 2006). These children could have other physical problems that result from obesity including type two diabetes, a fatty liver, and sleep apnea later in life. Not only do these children experience physical problems but they also experience many social, emotional, and psychological difficulties. Obese children are at higher risks of depression, eating disorders, distorted body image, and low self esteem (Pyle, 2006). These children also tend to have more academic problems and usually have lower math and reading scores. All of these problems may be life-long. But, if people study all aspects included in Brofenbrenner’s theory they can help to reduce the risks.
Urie Brofenbrenner came up with a theory that has become one of the most important theories for...