Infants & Young Children Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 6–28 Copyright c 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Why Early Intervention Works A Systems Perspective Michael J. Guralnick, PhD A systems perspective is put forward designed to place the many diverse conceptual and practice approaches and accomplishments in the early intervention field within a common framework. Complex reciprocal patterns of influence are described emphasizing risk and protective factors operating at 3 levels: child social and cognitive competence, family patterns of interaction, and family resources.
The Challenge and Challenging of Childhood Studies? Learning from disability studies and research with disabled children E Kay M Tisdall Programme Director MSc in Childhood Studies Co-Director, Centre for Research on Families and Relationships University of Edinburgh, Chrystal Macmillan Building, Room 327, 15A George Square Edinburgh, UK EH8 9LD +44 (0) 131 650 3930 Email: K.Tisdall@ed.ac.uk The challenge and challenging of Childhood Studies? Page 2 The Challenge and Challenging of Childhood Studies? Learning from disability studies and research with disabled children Abstract Childhood Studies has argued for the social construction of childhood, respecting children and childhood in the present, and recognising children’s agency and rights. Such perspectives have parallels to, and challenges for, disability studies.
Thesis statement: Studies indicate that social service providers and non-professional caregivers can significantly ameliorate the effects of secondary traumatic stress (STS) through improved education, effective support and coping strategies, and beneficial changes in healthcare policy. Annotated Bibliography American Psychological Association (APA). (n.d.) Family caregiving. Retrieved from www.apa.org/about/gr/issues/cyf/caregiving-facts.aspx This source is a factsheet published by the American Psychological Association, the premiere professional psychology organization in the United States, which has a mission to advance psychological knowledge to benefit society and the individual. The information includes a profile of family caregivers and the services they provide.
1.1 Identify legislation and policies that are designated to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities. Care Standards Act 2000 The National Care Standards Commission arose from this act and they took over the responsibility for the registration and inspection of services from local authority departments. Services were inspected against a national standard with sanctions being imposed on those providers who did not meet the necessary criteria. The National Care Standards Commission was replaced in April 2004 by the Commission for Social Care Inspection and the Commission for Healthcare Audit and Inspection. Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 Young disabled people aged 16 and 17 became eligible to receive direct payments to purchase their own care support.
Rothstein offers a very comprehensive review of a myriad of factors influenced by socioeconomic class and their potential effects on the achievement of students. He addresses genetics (Rothstein, 17), childrearing techniques (19), nutrition (44), alcohol and tobacco use (42), and a variety of health-related physical aspects (37-42). In the article More than just race: being black and poor in the inner city by William J. Wilson, the author analyzes the fragmentation of African-American families and the underlying causes of this breakdown. Wilson begins with discussing the 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan. He illustrates the rise of the “black perspective” and its effects on the serious social scientific study of urban poverty (Wilson, 99).
Understand How to Safeguard the Wellbeing of Children and Young People Outcome 1 1. Current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people: Welfare Standards: http://www.birthtofive.org.uk/earlyyearsfoundationstage/welfarerequirements.aspx UN convention: http://www.unicef.org/rightsite/files/uncrcchilldfriendlylanguage.pdf National Standards: http://www.londonscb.gov.uk/files/library/children_act_1989_report__2004_and_2005.pdf 2. Explain child protection within the wider concept of safeguarding children and young people: The Government has defined the term ‘safeguarding children’ as: ‘The process of protecting children from abuse or neglect, preventing impairment of their health and development, and ensuring they are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care that enables children to have optimum life chances and enter adulthood successfully.’ Every child or young person has the same rights. National Standards, UN Conventions and Children’s Acts are all in place to help ensure that all children regardless of their background or situation are protected. 3.
Critical evaluation of evidence and research findings in the area of Child Protection, in respect of enhancing the participation of children and young people in decision-making and developing care services In this essay, I will critically examine the practice of service user participation in the area of Child Protection. I will explore the legal framework, legislation and policies that govern social work practice both at national and local level, which include the Children Act 1989 and 2004, Every Child Matters agenda 2003 and the Human Rights Act. I will also apply social work theories, evidence from research findings and evidence from my own practice to explore the effectiveness of service user participation in developing social care services. To safeguard confidentiality, I will employ the Data Protection Act 1998 by referring to the child I worked with as J. TheFreeDictionary.com defines participation as the act of taking part or sharing in something. Participation therefore suggests some degree of involvement which may be of different levels.
Substance Abuse Treatment And Family Therapy A Treatment Improvement Protocol 39 TIP U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Substance Abuse Treatment www.samhsa.gov FAMILY THERAPY Substance Abuse Treatment And Family Therapy This TIP, Substance Abuse Treatment and Family Therapy, addresses how substance abuse affects the entire family and how substance abuse treatment providers can use principles from family therapy to change the interactions among family members. The TIP provides basic information about family therapy for substance abuse treatment professionals, and basic information about substance abuse treatment for family therapists. The TIP
How Important Is an Understanding of the Client’s Early Attachment Experience to the Psychodynamic Practice of Counselling Psychology? By Stacey Tobin Word Count -  Introduction: The purpose of this essay is to critically evaluate Larson’s (2012) views of attachment in relation to psychodynamic practice and counselling. Attachment theory has become widely regarded as the most important and supported framework for understanding social and emotional development (Goldberg 2000). Throughout the assignment I will attempt to provide evidence that suggests that attachment based interventions help allow for a greater understanding, sensitive response and more effective use of practitioners skills (Kennedy and Kennedy 2004) Winnicott (1967) both placed great emphasis on “holding the child” to help the child feel secure, allowing the child autonomy at their own pace. Klein’s (1984) theory of primitive object relation, postulated the reason an infant develops close ties to his mother is because she is the source of food, referred to as “cupboard love theory”.