Child Rearing Styles

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1. Definition of concepts 1.1 Child rearing: “Child-rearing styles or parenting styles "are combinations of parenting behaviors that occur over a wide range of situations, creating an enduring child-rearing climate" (Berk 279-280). There are different ideas and tips on how to successfully raise and parent a child properly.” Reference: Berk, Laura E.. Development Through the Lifespan:Fourth Edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc., 2007. 2. Prosocial behaviour: “The term prosocial behavior describes acts that demonstrate a sense of empathy, caring, and ethics, including sharing, cooperating, helping others, generosity, praising, complying, telling the truth, defending others, supporting others with warmth and affection, nurturing and guiding, and even the altruistic act of risking one's life to warn or aid another.” Reference: Prosocial Behaviour Comparison of the Child Rearing Styles of Participant 1 and Participant 2 The following could be deduced from the parents and children’s’ biographical information in Tables 1 and Table 2 respectively: Participant 1, is a black female aged 31, married and a stay-at-home parent who has two children but per week she manages to spend about 96 hours weekly with her child(i.e the subject). Her child is a male aged 2 and is the youngest child Participant 2, is coloured female aged 33, married and an Administrative clerk who has only one child but per week she manages to spend only about 80 hours weekly with her child (i.e the subject). Her child is a female aged 5 and is the youngest child. The following information regarding child rearing and prosocial behaviour could be deduced from Tables 14: Child rearing style: The child rearing style participant 1 tends to use more often is Authoritarian. “In this style of parenting, children are expected to follow the
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